Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Fatty acid composition of seed oils from wild species of the south-east Mediterranean.

Abstract

In a search for new sources of higher plant lipids, seeds of Artemisia caerulescens, Buxus sempervirens, Cistus albidus, Clematis vitalba, Convolvulus arvensis, Crataegus monogyna, Epilobium parviflorum, Euphorbia characias, Lonicera implexa, Lunaria annua subsp. annua, Lythrum salicaria, Pistacia lentiscus, Reseda lutea, Salvia sclarea and Verbascum thapsus were collected between July and Oct. from plants growing in southern France and the fatty acid composition of their oils analysed. Four species showed high levels of their predominant fatty acid(s): L. salicaria (80% linoleic acid), R. lutea and S. sclarea (>60% linolenic acid) and L. annua (40% erucic acid and 22% nervonic acid).