Strategies used to eradicate bacterial wilt of Heliconia (race 2) in Cairns, Australia, following introduction of the disease from Hawaii.
Pseudomonas solanacearum biovar I was introduced to Cairns in north Queensland in 1989 on Heliconia plants imported from Hawaii. it was identified as a strain of race 2, the causal agent of Moko disease of bananas. Rapid quarantine action to attempt to eradicate the organism involved destruction of imported plants, treatment of infested sites and restrictions on movement of plant material from the property. Extensive surveys over the next 18 months of both the infected property and other Heliconia growing areas failed to locate the organism, suggesting that the action was successful.