Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Bayer crop protection - the first 100 years 1892-1992.

Abstract

Bayer's involvement in the production of crop protection chemicals from 1892, when DNOC, the world's 1st synthetic insecticide, was launched against nun moth [Lymantria monacha] larvae which threatened to destroy large tracts of German pine [Pinus spp.] forest, to 1992 is summarized. Landmarks have included the discovery of organomercury seed treatments against fungi (marketed in 1915 as Uspulun, but later sold worldwide as Ceresan), the discovery of organophosphorus insecticides in the 1930s and of E605 [parathion] in 1944. In 1988, Bayer's 136-acre Crop Protection Centre, the world's largest crop research complex, was completed at Monheim, Germany. The company also has experimental stations at 8 sites in the USA and in Japan. Looking to the future, Bayer believes that intensive agriculture will play an increasingly important role in solving the problems of a hungry world population, and that integrated crop management programmes will provide the best compromise between the need for food and environmental and toxicological concerns. With these aims in view, Bayer Launched imidacloprid in 1991 as a sugarbeet seed treatment and are currently developing a granular form of the spores of Metarhizium anisopliae for use against insect pests.