Characteristics and distribution of reforestation with cedar in Italy.
As part of the 'Silviculture of cedar' project, an inventory was made (excluding Sardinia and Sicily) in June 1989, and data are presented for 492 stands totalling 3279 ha. Cedar plantations were generally aged 10-20 years and were only 1-2 ha in size. The most frequently planted species was Cedrus atlantica (1200 ha) followed by C. deodara (550 ha) and just 30 ha of C. libani. About half of the plantations were of mixed cedar species, and cedar was also common as a minor component of coniferous stands, especially those of Austrian pine [Pinus nigra]. Cedar is mostly found in central (73%) and S. Italy (21% of total area), on calcareous or clayey soils, at altitudes of 800-1200 m.