Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Nest-associated acarines of birds in India.

Abstract

A total of 24 known and 8 undescribed species of mites are reported from 21 nests of 4 species of birds (Ploceus philippinus (15 nests), Lonchura malacca (3), Prinia inornata [P. subflava inornata] (1) and Pycnonotus cafer (2)) collected in the district of Midnapore, West Bengal, during June to August of 1982-84. These collections are summarized together with an account of previous records of acarines associated with bird nests in India. A total of 70 species of such acarines belonging to 5 orders, 31 families and 44 genera are now known from India. The fauna includes parasites, predators, phytophagous and fungivorous/saprophagous species. Acarine populations in the nests were higher in June than in any other month, synchronising with the occupation of the nests by adult birds. No conclusion could be drawn regarding the influence of temperature and relative humidity on the size of the nest-inhabiting acarine populations.