Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Seedling emergence, plant height, and root mass of tall fescue grown in soil infested with Cochliobolus sativus.

Abstract

Plants were grown in test tube culture with C. sativus and in the greenhouse in infested fumigated and nonfumigated soil to determine the ability of the fungus to reduce stands in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea). Germinated seeds in pots were inoculated with conidia or were covered with soil mix containing cornmeal and sand inoculum. Fawn, Kenhy, and Kentucky 31 tall fescue seedlings developed root lesions when exposed to the fungus in test tube culture, and root elongation was inhibited up to 50%. Emergence, establishment of seedlings in pot culture and growth of leaves and shoots were determined weekly for 4 weeks. Survival of all seedlings was reduced when inoculum was applied directly to seed or incorporated into fumigated or nonfumigated soil. Plant growth and root DW were also reduced. C. sativus reduced stand establishment and root and leaf growth of tall fescue in the absence of foliar infection.