Reproductive biology of a tropical palm swamp community in the Venezuelan Llanos.
The tropical palm swamp community (morichal) of the Llanos of Venezuela has a high discontinuous stratum dominated by Mauritia flexuosa, a secondary stratum dominated by small trees and shrubs, and an undergrowth rich in species and including aquatic species. Of 128 woody and herbaceous plants, 99 were hermaphrodites, 25 were monoecious and 4 were dioecious. The morichal is characterized by few species with obligate cross fertilization. The reproductive strategies of this community are discussed.