Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Pollination ecology of Moringa oleifera (Moringaceae).

Abstract

At Visakhapatnam, India, M. oleifera flowered twice a year, in February to May and in September to November. Xenogamous pollinations gave 100% fruit set, 81% seed set and 9% fecundity, compared with 62, 64 and 6%, respectively, for geitonogamous pollinations. Flowers were zygomorphic and of the gullet type; they were open during 03.00 to 19.00 h and were visited by diurnally active insects during 06.00 to 15.00 h. Carpenter bees (Xylocarpa latipes and X. pubescens) were the most reliable pollinators.