Lost crops of the Incas: little-known plants of the Andes with promise for worldwide cultivation.
Information has been compiled on a large number of crops which grow in the Andes and which might have potential for other regions. The root crops dealt with are: canna, ahipa (Pachyrhizus ahipa), arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza), Maca (Lepidium meyenii), mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum), mauka (Mirabilis expansa), oca (Oxalis tuberosa), potato, ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus) and yacon (Polymnia sonchifolia). The pseudo-cereals dealt with are: kaniwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule), kiwicha (Amaranthus caudatus) and quinoa. The grain legume crops dealt with are basul (Erythrina edulis), bean (Phaseolus), and lupin. The vegetable crops dealt with are chilli pepper, sweet pepper, pumpkin, gourd and squash. The fruit and nut crops dealt with are several berry fruits, capuli cherry (Prunus capuli), cherimoya, cape gooseberry, papaya, lucuma (Pouteria lucuma), naranjilla (Solanum quitoense), pacay (Inga spp.), passion fruit, pepino (Solanum muricatum), tree tomato, quito palm (Parajubaea cocoides) and walnut. For each crop a list of addresses of research contacts is given in an appendix. KEYWORDS: TROPAG | Canna edulis Oxalis tuberosa Amaranthus caudatus Chenopodium | Solanum | Cyphomandra betacea | Cultural Practices | food crops | crop potential | genetic resources | ethnobotany | regional survey | South America | Venezuela | Colombia | Equador | Peru | Bolivia | Chile.