Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Casuarinas: nitrogen-fixing trees for adverse sites.

Abstract

The report of an ad hoc panel of the Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation (ACTI) of the Board on Science and Technology for International Development (BOSTID), Office of International Affairs, National Research Council. There are 8 chapters: Introduction; Experiences with casuarinas - in Asia, Africa, the Americas, Oceania and various Mediterranean sites; The plants - a brief account of casuarina biology; Management - silviculture, pests and diseases; Uses - fuelwood, timber, shelterbelts, erosion control, sand dune stabilization, tanning, honey production, fodder and as ornamentals; The best known species - descriptions of the characteristics, distribution and environmental requirements of the 5 main species used (Casuarina cunninghamiana, C. equisetifolia, C. glauca, C. junghuhniana and C. oligodon), mainly with reference to Australian studies; Other promising species - briefer descriptions of 11 other Australian species (C. campestris, C. cristata, C. decaisneana, C. dielsiana, C. fraseriana, C. huegeliana, C. littoralis, C. luehmannii, C. obesa, C. stricta and C. torulosa) not yet significantly tested outside their indigenous habitat; and Recommendations and research needs. Three appendixes give a list of selected readings, research contacts, and an index of species.