Dwarf mistletoe and its natural enemies in Pakistan.
Insect enemies of Arceuthobium oxycedri found in Susnamana forest in the Ziarat Valley, Pakistan were surveyed in 1974-75. Insects feeding on A. oxycedri included the 2 lepidopterans Dioryctria taiella and Prosinitis florivora, the 2 coleopterans Polydrusus obliquatus and Systates sp., the 2 hemipterans Dolycoris indicus and Dichrooscytus valesianus, and a mite. Occurrence, phenology, larval habits and damage, biology, host-specificity and parasitism are described. D. taiella was host-specific and was considered of great potential as a biocontrol agent in pine plantations. In laboratory trials, this species fed on shoots of Pinus halepensis, P. radiata, Juniperus excelsa, P. roxburghii, Loranthus longiflorus, Viscum cruciatum and Korthalsella opuntia.