Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

A note on the bird predators of kail defoliator in Azad Kashmir.

Abstract

Following an epidemic of the kail [Pinus wallichiana] defoliator (Biston regalis) in the blue pine forests of Azad Kashmir and Murree in 1980, birds preying on the insect were investigated in a defoliated area at Loon Bagla, Azad Kashmir, in June 1981. Twenty three species were found feeding on the moths, one species on the pupae and several (>7) species on the first instar larvae. Studies in 2 compartments at Loon Bagla showed that about 54% of moths were killed by birds.