Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Oil, oranges and invasions: economic development and political mobilization in Eastern Mexico.

Abstract

The paper describes the main focus of study for a thesis in social anthropology at the University of Bergen. The issue studied was the question of land invasions by landless peasants in a region suitable for commercial agriculture through the infrastructure created by the petroleum industry. Modern industry is no viable alternative for the peasants who operate in a situation of demographic pressure on little land, but the possibility of obtaining land through the ejido system is regarded as the best alternative, and the land invasion is to put pressure on the authorities to find solutions. The economic setting enables some peasants to become economically successful in spite of lacking land, and this in turn enables them to participate politically, which is a prerequisite for obtaining land. The system, because of the modern economy, tends to disrupt traditional bonds of cooperation and to individualize labour.