Insect pests of fruit crops and their control: 21. Pomegranate.
In this further part of a continuing series on the insect pests of fruit crops in India and their control [see RAE/A 65, 3253, etc.], notes are given on the life-history and control of major and minor insect pests of pomegranate, of which the seeds are used as spices, the juice and bark medicinally and the fruit rind for dying cloth as well as the fruit being edible in itself. The main pests are Virachola isocrates (F.), which infests the fruit and is controlled by destroying damaged fruits or by bagging young fruits or spraying them with 0.03% phosphamidon before damage begins; and the larvae of Indarbela tetraonis (Moore) and I. quadrinotata (Wlk.), which feed on the bark of many types of fruit trees and are controlled by inserting cotton-wool soaked in carbon disulfide, petrol or kerosene oil into larval holes and sealing the holes with mud, or by spraying with dichlorvos, trichlorphon, endosulfan, BHC, endrin or DDT. Among the many minor pests, scavenging insects that feed on damaged, over-ripe or rotten fruits on the soil or still on the trees are enumerated.