Ectoparasites of feral animals in natural foci of Crimean haemorrhagic fever in southern Kirgizia.
A survey of the parasites of feral animals in the foothills of the Turkestan and Alai ranges of southern Kirgizia, USSR, revealed the presence of 11 species of ixodid ticks, 4 of argasid ticks, 13 of fleas and a number of gamasine and trombiculid mites. The commonest mammal in the area is Meriones libycus erythrourus (M. erythrourus), and it was the host of larvae and nymphs of Hyalomma asiaticum Schulze & Schlottke, and Rhipicephalus turanicus Pom. & Matikashvili and all stages of Haemaphysalis numidiana Neum. and Ornithodoros tartakovskyi Olen. and the fleas Xenopsylla conformis (Wagn.), Rhadinopsylla cedestis Roths., Nosopsyllus abramovi (Ioff) (C[eratophyllus] abramovi), Ctenophthalmus dolichus Roths., N. fidus (J. & R.) (C[eratophyllus] fidus), N. laeviceps (Wagn.) (C. laeviceps), Echidnophaga oschanini Wagn. and Coptopsylla lamellifer (Wagn.). On hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus), Hyalomma marginatum Koch (plumbeum auct.), H. asiaticum, Rhipicephalus turanicus and Haemaphysalis numidiana were taken. The Turkestanian rat (Rattus turkestanicus) was parasitised by N. simla (J. & R.) (Ceratophyllus simla), and the domestic mouse (Mus musculus) by Leptopsylla segnis (Schonh.), N. fidus and Orchopeas sexdentatus (Baker) (L. sexdentata). Allactaga elater was parasitised by Mesopsylla lenis J. & R. Larvae and nymphs of Hyalomma marginatum were found on birds of many species; Argas vulgaris Filippova infested burrow- and cliff-dwelling species, and larvae of A. persicus (Oken) were collected from sparrows. C. gallinae (Schr.), found on hoopoe (Upupa epops), was the only flea found on birds. Ixodes vespertilionis Koch was recorded on the bat Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum. Examples of Haemaphysalis sulcata C. & F. were taken on Eremias velox and of Hyalomma aegyptium (L.) on the steppe terrapin (Testudo horsfieldi).