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Alternate bearing (AB), is mostly common in few tree crops which is defined as low or no fruit yield during one year and high yield during the succeeding year. It is mostly occurred due to some climatic conditions, varietal genetic variability and some endogenous hormonal balance. Alternate bearing...

Author(s)
Muhammad Jan; Muhammad Ashraf Sumrah; Javed Iqbal; Muhammad Aslam; Rizwan Latif; Muhammad Arif; Muhammad Tahir Akbar; Hafiz Husnain Nawaz
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 342-350

Pesticides are the chemicals substances which are used for prevention of plant diseases, weeds and being used widely for increasing the quantity as well as quality of food products. Naturally, these pesticides interact with environment by altering the properties of host substances by producing the...

Author(s)
Khaliq Dad; Zhao FenLiang; Rumsha Hassan; Kainat Javed; Humaira Nawaz; Muhammad Usman Saleem; Tahreem Fatima; Muhamad Nawaz
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 274-284

Carrot and fennel seeds are considered rich sources of antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and β-carotene. The study aimed at formulating functional candies fortified with fennel seed extract and carrot juice. The candies can be used to improve the nutritive quality of confectionary products...

Author(s)
Maham Tariq; Aqsa Akhtar; Nauman Khalid
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 468-476

Sorghumis the source of staple food, for human as well as feedor livestock in arid and semiarid tropical zones of the world; now it is necessary to understand and utilizing the genetic diversity of sorghum hybrids for better crop production. In this study, crossing and selfing was done in parental...

Author(s)
Khalid Khan; Mahmood-Ul-Hassan; Ihsan Ullah; Haris Khurshid; Marwat, F. Y. S.; Salman Saleem; Jehanzeb, M.; Zubair Ahmad
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 460-467

Iron (Fe), being an essential micronutrient, is necessary for human health and to maintain the integrity and development of the plant. In Fe-limiting conditions, plants and plant growth-promoting rhizobacterial (PGPR) have a siderophore production mechanism. Inoculation with seed soaking of such...

Author(s)
Shabana Ehsan; Aneela Riaz; Muhammad Amjad Qureshi; Abid Ali; Ifra Saleem; Muhammad Aftab; Khalid Mehmood; Fakhar Mujeeb; Muhammad Asif Ali; Hina Javed; Fraza Ijaz; Anwar-Ul-Haq; Khaliq-Ur-Rehman; Saleem, M. U.
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 449-459

Crops are prone to being attacked by various insect pests resulting in huge crop yield losses. Maize (Zea mays L.) the utmost yielding cereal crop worldwideis attacked by several insects, Chilopartellus(S) is the devastating one. The current study was conducted to probe the toxic effects of...

Author(s)
Qurban Ali; Habib-Ur-Rehman; Muhammad Abdullah; Asad Aslam; Muti Ullah; Ali Sher; Muhammad Faheem Akhtar; Humaira Malik; Muhammad Umar Qasim; Muhammad Yasir; Ijaz Haider; Tamsila Nazir; Muhammad Jawad Saleem
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 442-448

The study was conducted on genus Chaetocnema Stephens, 183, specimens were collected from various regions of Sindh, Pakistan, in total three species of the genus are described; their habitus images and male genitalia is provided; Chaetocnema belli Jacoby, 1904, Chaetocnema concinnicollis Baly,...

Author(s)
Sohail Ahmed Talpur; Imran Khatri; Maqsood Anwar Rustamani; Zubair Ahmed
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 388-393

Mustard Aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) (Homoptera: Aphididae) is a destructive insect pest that causes significant losses in the yield of canola crops. It is essential to find out the management strategies of this pest for higher canola production. Synthetic insecticides and bio-pesticides are used to...

Author(s)
Misbah Ud Din; Shah Alam Khan; Said Hussain Shah; Najeeb Ullah
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 371-379

Even though date palm is a thermopile species and can withstand large temperature fluctuations, yet recent climate changes especially prolonged monsoon patterns, starting earlier (end of June) and lasting till September with sporadic changes, has posed multiple threats for Dhakki dates causing...

Author(s)
Muhammad Mansoor; Shahid Hameed Khan Khalil; Zafar Islam; Muhammad Asif; Ghani Akbar; Muhammad Ashraf Khan; Ibadullah Jan
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 366-370

A survey study was conducted in Gujranwala district to evaluate the quality of groundwater for agriculture purpose. A total of 565 groundwater samples were collected from farmers' tube wells during random survey of four tehsils of Gujranwala district, i.e., Gujranwala, Kamoke, Wazirabad and Noshera...

Author(s)
Abid Ali; Malik, S. N.; Muhammad Akmal; Rafa, H. U.; Abid Subhani
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
Publication
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2022, 35, 2, pp 303-310

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