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Forest Science Database

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Boreal mixedwood forests of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and white spruce (Picea glauca) are found on mesic sites in the western boreal forest of Canada. In the natural development of mixed forests, aspen is usually the first species to dominate the site. However, depending upon spruce seed sources...

Lieffers, V. J.; Macmillan, R. B.; MacPherson, D.; Branter, K.; Stewart, J. D.
Forestry Chronicle, 1996, 72, 3, pp 286-292