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Vegetation was studied in a 16-ha relict forest on the slopes of Monte Amiata in Tuscany, central Italy, a mesophile forest community dominated by silver fir (Abies alba) at higher altitudes, whereas further down silver fir is associated with broadleaves (Fagus sylvatica, Tilia platyphyllos,...

Paci, M.; Vagaggini, L.
Italia Forestale e Montana, 1999, 54, 3, pp 126-147

In 1947, at the request of the Baden Forest Administration, the author took charge of a special survey to provide first-hand information on the small private forests (<510 ha., but the overwhelming majority <100 ha., in extent) of what is now South Baden. The present copiously illustrated work is based on that survey, for which the field work lasted until 1951, and on some supplementary investigations. It gives a comprehensive picture of these forests, which make up 132, 951 ha. out of the total private forest area of 168, 619 ha., and of their significance in the peasant farming economy of the region, where there is very wide variation in locality factors, ownership and legal conditions affecting it, size of holding, species and silvicultural practice etc. The matter is arranged under the following main heads: (1) Peasant economy and the forest (the regional background, and the significance of farm forests in farm economy). (2) Methods used in the survey. (3) Ownership conditions, structure of farm forest ownership, and land law. (4) Site conditions. (5) Condition of the forests (silvicultural systems; species; forms of stand; site quality; age classes; stocking; increment; rotation; tending; regeneration). (6) Selection forests (Silver Fir, Norway Spruce and Beech, in combination or alone; Sweet Chestnut). (7) Coppice and coppice-with-standards (with special reference to measures for conversion to high forest). (8) Old 'Reutfelder' (areas formerly periodically cut and burned over, used for temporary agriculture for 3-4 years, and then fallowed for 5-20 years, during which softwooded deciduous trees and shrubs would return, though the areas would generally be used more for cattle grazing than for producing wood) and rough pastures, with special reference to the need for further afforestation of such land. (9) Forest protection. (10) Types of silvicultural system and stand to be aimed at in future, with special reference to possibilities of mitigating the effects of fragmented ownership. (11) Yield, actual cut and production for sale (with sections on the possible sustained yield, consumption for farm purposes, and possible sustained production for the market). (12) Production of wood outside the forest (e.g. Poplar plantations). (13) Logging and utilization (including labour questions, working technique, utilization of wood and minor forest products, and improvement of accessibility for extraction of produce). (14) Business administration problems, especially bookkeeping. (15) Pioneers of peasant forestry (with a list of exemplary peasant forest owners and brief notes on their holdings). (16) Forest policy problems (legal aspects); forms of co-operation (from owners' associations to common ownership); organization of advisory services; education; state subsidies etc. ; tax problems; other policy matters). (17) An attempt to estimate the possible increase of yield by various measures, which is calculated as ca. 260, 000 cu.m. (standing volume) or 1.8 cu.m./ha. ; it is stressed that this figure can be reached if the general standard of management can be brought to that of the best-managed forests of the present day. KEYWORDS: Abies alba selection forest \ Castanea sativa selection forest \ Cooperation \ Fagus sylvatica selection forest \ farm woodlands \ woodlands \ farms \ forests \ law \ forestry law \ Ownership \ Picea abies silviculture \ Germany farm forests \ Germany

Abetz, K.
Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg and Berlin., Germany
Bauerliche Waldwirtschaft dargestellt an den Verhaltnissen in Baden., 1955, pp 348 pp.

After introducing the general problem in its national context the author specifies two tasks: planting of conifers in place of other species, and the afforestation of duneland. At present only 5.4 % of the total forest area in Hungary is under conifers. In April 1951 the former Forestry Centre laid ...

Babos, I.
Agrartudomany, 1952, 4, 6, pp 217-23

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