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News Article

Climate driven plant traits exert influence on ecosystem functioning through soil conditioning

Date
29 March 2019
News Article

Fungi and animal diversity shown to be as important for forest productivity as tree diversity

Date
6 August 2018
Abstract

Climate change and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are likely to alter tropical forest net primary productivity (NPP), potentially affecting soil C storage. We examined biochemical and physical changes in soil C fractions in a humid tropical forest where experimental litter...

Author(s)
Cusack, D. F.; Halterman, S. M.; Tanner, E. V. J.; Wright, S. J.; Hockaday, W.; Dietterich, L. H.; Turner, B. L.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2018, 124, pp 199-209
Abstract

Organic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F <20 µm). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between...

Author(s)
Fujisaki, K.; Chapuis-Lardy, L.; Albrecht, A.; Razafimbelo, T.; Chotte, J. L.; Chevallier, T.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Geoderma, 2018, 313, pp 41-51
Abstract

Climate change models predict more frequent and severe droughts in the humid tropics. How drought will impact tropical forest carbon and greenhouse gas dynamics is poorly understood. Here we report the effects of the severe 2015 Caribbean drought on soil moisture, oxygen, phosphorus (P), and...

Author(s)
O'Connell, C. S.; Ruan LeiLei; Silver, W. L.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Nature Communications, 2018, 9, 4, pp 1348
Abstract

Methane (CH4) is one of the most potent greenhouse gases. Although forest and grassland soils generally consume atmospheric CH4, the quantities and spatiotemporal changes in CH4 uptake remain largely uncertain for these ecosystems at the global scale. In this study, we developed an empirical model...

Author(s)
Yu LiJun; Huang Yao; Zhang Wen; Li TingTing; Sun WenJuan
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 607/608, pp 1163-1172
Abstract

Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) deposition caused by human activities imposes a serious impact on soils. Exogenous N can directly increase the contents of total N and available N in soils, improve soil P availability, and reduce the total P content; exogenous P will increase N absorption of trees...

Author(s)
Li Jie; Xue Li
Publisher
Research Institute of Forestry Policy and Information, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China
Citation
World Forestry Research, 2017, 30, 2, pp 14-19
Abstract

Tropical forests play an important role in regulating the global climate and the carbon cycle. With the changing temperature and moisture along the elevation gradient, the Luquillo Experimental Forest in Northeastern Puerto Rico provides a natural approach to understand tropical forest ecosystems...

Author(s)
Chen DingFang; Yu Mei; González, G.; Zou XiaoMing; Gao Qiong
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Forests, 2017, 8, 3, pp 90
Abstract

Climate change is affecting the amount and complexity of plant inputs to tropical forest soils. This is likely to influence the carbon (C) balance of these ecosystems by altering decomposition processes e.g., "positive priming effects" that accelerate soil organic matter mineralization. However,...

Author(s)
Whitaker, J.; Ostle, N.; McNamara, N. P.; Nottingham, A. T.; Stott, A. W.; Bardgett, R. D.; Salinas, N.; Ccahuana, A. J. Q.; Meir, P.
Publisher
Frontiers Research Foundation, Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Microbiology, 2014, 5, December, pp 720
Abstract

Climate change mitigation and food security are two of the main challenges of human society. Agroforestry systems, defined as the presence of trees on external and internal boundaries, cropland, or on any other available niche of farmland, can provide both climate change mitigation and food. There...

Author(s)
Feliciano, D.; Ledo, A.; Hillier, J.; Nayak, D. R.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2018, 254, pp 117-129

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