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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Commercial Tenera production.

Contemporary oil palm cultivars have a thick, oil-bearing mesocarp and thin-shelled fruits, that is, a Tenera phenotype, and this is controlled genetically by the shell thickness gene, Sh. The Tenera genotype is heterozygous (Sh/sh) and is produced by crossing a thick-shelled female Dura (Sh/Sh)...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pollination.

Pollination is effected through a window in the specialized isolation bag. This reduces the risk of contamination (pollen, disease and insects). Prior to pollination, the area around the isolation bag is sprayed to kill insects, as these can carry unwanted pollen. Pollen is normally mixed and...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Isolation of the female inflorescence.

Care is required in isolating female bunches to prevent damage. The developing inflorescence should be treated with fungicides and insecticides to prevent disease that may result in reduced viability or abortion of the inflorescence. Specialized isolation bags are equipped with a window to inspect...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pollen viability testing.

Pollen viability is essential for success in pollination. Fresh pollen shed from flowering male inflorescences has the highest viability, and it is this which is harvested and stored (Ekaratne and Senathirajah, 1983). Viability tests are carried out prior to processing pollen to ensure the...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pollen collection and storage.

Shed pollen of oil palm is binucleate, it has two cells (one vegetative and one generative), and can live for about a week in situ. However, fresh pollen can be collected from flowering male inflorescences, purified and stored for over 20 years in cold, desiccated and vacuumed conditions. The...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Health and safety considerations.

All field and laboratory operations should have standard health and safety protocols. These may vary according to local requirements and standards. Some equipment will also come with instructions on proper use, which may involve training, including health and safety issues. Failure to abide by...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Fungicides.

This chapter deals with the development of organic protectant and systemic fungicides and the application of fungicides in controlling disease problems of coffee, cocoa, soyabean, cereals, rice, bananas/plantains, fruit trees, grapes and rubber. A brief discussion on their mechanisms of action is...

Author(s)
Matthews, G. A.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786394873)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Herbicides.

This chapter provides brief details on (i) non-selective herbicides used in very diverse situations, including forestry and amenity areas, alongside roads and railway tracks and in urban and industrial areas on pavements; (ii) selective herbicides; and (iii) several new herbicides introduced since...

Author(s)
Matthews, G. A.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786394873)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Application of pesticides.

Attention to pesticide application has been limited compared with the huge investments seeking new chemicals. In the earliest attempts to apply a pesticide, the spray liquid was simply allowed to flow by gravity from a knapsack tank through a hose to a 'sprinkler' held above the crop. Once Bordeaux ...

Author(s)
Matthews, G. A.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786394873)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Beyond displacement by armed conflict: the relationship between environmental, economic and armed displacement in Colombia.

This chapter uses a typology of causes of displacement to consider the effects of the protracted conflict in Colombia on rural communities and farming, as well as the effects of oil production and oil palm cultivation in different areas of the country. It is noted that displacement due to economic...

Author(s)
Castro Osorio, C.; Culma, E.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786393647)
Type
Book chapter

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