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Environmental Impact

From climate change to biodiversity loss - documenting human impacts on the environment

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Abstract

Reforms in four areas should be the priority if the current government's agenda of doubling farmer incomes is to be accomplished in the coming years. First, the focus of agricultural policies must shift from production per se to farmers' livelihoods. Second, policies to improve the allocation and...

Author(s)
Ashok Gulati; Devesh Kapur; Bouton, M. M.
Publisher
Sameeksha Trust, Mumbai, India
Citation
Economic and Political Weekly, 2020, 55, 11,
Abstract

Low-meat and no-meat diets are increasingly acknowledged as sustainable alternatives to current Western food consumption patterns. Concerns for the environment, individual health or animal welfare are raising consumers' willingness to adopt such diets. Dietary shifts in Western countries may modify ...

Author(s)
Laroche, P. C. S. J.; Schulp, C. J. E.; Kastner, T.; Verburg, P. H.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Global Environmental Change, 2020, 62,
Abstract

Wildland fire occurrence is highly variable in time and space, and in the United States where total area burned can vary substantially, acquiring resources (firefighters, engines, aircraft, etc.) to respond to fire demand is an important consideration. To determine the composition and scale of this ...

Author(s)
Belval, E. J.; Stonesifer, C. S.; Calkin, D. E.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Forests, 2020, 11, 2,
Abstract

We investigate how the structures of local corn procurement markets shape the effect of expansion in ethanol production on corn planting decisions in surrounding areas. We first characterize competition intensity as a function of the spatial structure of plant capacities and then econometrically...

Author(s)
Wang YanBing; Delgado, M. S.; Sesmero, J.; Gramig, B. M.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2020, 102, 5, pp 1598-1622
Abstract

This study tests the bidirectional connections between corporate social responsibility performance and the financial performance of firms within the tourism sector and related industries based on the instrumental stakeholder and slack resources theories. Disaggregated measures of firms’ corporate...

Author(s)
Moneva, J. M.; Bonilla-Priego, M. J.; Ortas, E.
Publisher
Routledge, Abingdon, UK
Citation
Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2020, 28, 6, pp 853-872
Abstract

Land tenure systems vary considerably across forager societies. The economic defensibility model explains this variation by considering the costs and benefits of defending resources that vary in density and predictability. The purpose of our study was to describe and explain the variation in tenure ...

Author(s)
Moritz, M.; Scaggs, S.; Shapiro, C.; Hinkelman, S.
Publisher
Springer Science + Business Media, Inc (Springer), New York, USA
Citation
Human Ecology, 2020, 48, 2, pp 225-234
Abstract

Two decades ago, legal provisions gave local institutions rights to manage natural resources in four dryland African countries: Mali, Niger, Sudan and Ethiopia. This briefing examines how resilient such decentralised institutions have been, under rapidly changing circumstances, and notes common...

Author(s)
Toulmin, C.; Diakité, M.; Gana, D.; Dembélé, P.; Sani, M. L.; Vogt, K.; Harouna, M.; Yacob, A.; Feyera Abdi; Khatir, A.; Haroun, S.
Publisher
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK
Citation
IIED Briefing Paper - International Institute for Environment and Development, 2020, 17755, pp 6 pp.
Abstract

Objective: Hurricane Harvey, which made landfall in Texas on August 24, 2017, caused catastrophic damage that resulted in the closure of many schools and school districts across 4 states. We evaluated the underlying reasons and characteristics of the unplanned school closures to gain insight on how ...

Author(s)
Jackson, A. M.; Ahmed, F.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 2020, 14, 1, pp 125-129
Abstract

Many of Europe's unique habitats are highly threatened. In order to tackle these threats, the European Union (EU) is annually financing, mainly through its LIFE programme, conservation actions aimed at improving the conservation status of its habitats. We analysed the allocation of the programme's...

Author(s)
Mammides, C.; Kirkos, G.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Environmental Conservation, 2020, 47, 2, pp 123-129
Abstract

How to support those responding to environmental change in resource-constrained environments is central to literature on climate change adaption. Our research explores a gap in this literature relating to the negotiation of intra-household relations and resource access across different types of...

Author(s)
Camfield, L.; Leavy, J.; Senait Endale; Tilahun Tefera
Publisher
Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, UK
Citation
European Journal of Development Research, 2020, 32, 4, pp 889-905

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