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Abstract

Roads bring significant economic benefits that are vital for development. But they are often also the precursors to deforestation and other adverse environmental impacts. This paper examines the road-induced tradeoffs between economic growth, deforestation, and biodiversity loss in the Democratic...

Author(s)
Damania, R.; Russ, J.; Wheeler, D.; Barra, A. F.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
World Development (Oxford), 2018, 101, pp 351-376
Abstract

Replacement of natural forests with plantations is causing forest loss and fragmentation worldwide. There is a great need for conservation and restoration of fauna in these fragmented forests, particularly those with special ecological functions, such as fruit-eating birds. In this 3-year study, we ...

Author(s)
Yoshikawa, T.; Harasawa, S.; Isagi, Y.; Niikura, N.; Koike, S.; Taki, H.; Naoe, S.; Masaki, T.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Biological Conservation, 2017, 209, pp 356-365
Abstract

Deforestation for agriculture in the tropics, followed by abandonment, has resulted in large areas of secondary forest. Some authors have suggested that this secondary regrowth could help prevent mass extinction in the tropics by providing habitat for forest species. However, there is little...

Author(s)
Sayer, C. A.; Bullock, J. M.; Martin, P. A.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Biological Conservation, 2017, 211, Part A, pp 1-9
Abstract

Habitat loss and fragmentation are the leading causes of biodiversity decline world-wide. Animals sensitive to fragmentation experience reduced dispersal, breeding opportunities, and genetic diversity, making them vulnerable to local extinction. Over the last few decades the Atlantic Forest of...

Author(s)
Dosen, J.; Fortin, M. J.; Raboy, B. E.
Publisher
Springer, New York, USA
Citation
International Journal of Primatology, 2017, 38, 5, pp 962-983
Abstract

The status of mangrove forests was assessed in the western coast of Unguja Island, Tanzania along a rural-peri-urban gradient. Employing a systematic random sampling, we specifically compared the structural composition and rates of deforestation and forest regeneration. Sampling was carried out...

Author(s)
Msangameno, D. J.; Jiddawi, N. S.; Yahya, S. A.
Publisher
International Society for Tropical Ecology, Varanasi, India
Citation
Tropical Ecology, 2017, 58, 1, pp 57-69
Abstract

Tropical forests host at least two-thirds of the world's flora and fauna diversity and store 25% of the terrestrial above and belowground carbon. However, biodiversity decline due to deforestation and forest degradation of tropical forest is increasing at an alarming rate. Biodiversity dynamics due ...

Author(s)
Mulatu, K. A.; Mora, B.; Kooistra, L.; Herold, M.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Remote Sensing, 2017, 9, 10, pp 1059
Abstract

The relative effect of past climate fluctuations and anthropogenic activities on current biome distribution is subject to increasing attention, notably in biodiversity hot spots. In Madagascar, where humans arrived in the last ∼4 to 5,000 years, the exact causes of the demise of large vertebrates...

Author(s)
Salmona, J.; Heller, R.; Quéméré, E.; Chikhi, L.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Molecular Ecology, 2017, 26, 19, pp 5203-5222
Abstract

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is widely recognized for its high levels of biodiversity and endemism. Its vast region concentrates also a large number of small farmers, who historically have been practicing swidden-fallow cultivation. Globally, there is contradictory evidence of the current fate of...

Author(s)
Fantini, A. C.; Bauer, E.; Valois, C. M. de; Siddique, I.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Land Use Policy, 2017, 69, pp 417-426
Abstract

Functional traits associated with plant-animal interactions are essential for forest functionality, given that a higher diversity of fruit traits is likely to maintain a more diverse assemblage of frugivores and consequently promote the seed dispersal function. Yet, shade-intolerant species tend to ...

Author(s)
Pessoa, M. S.; Hambuckers, A.; Benchimol, M.; Rocha-Santos, L.; Bomfim, J. A.; Faria, D.; Cazetta, E.
Publisher
Elsevier GmbH, München, Germany
Citation
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 2017, 28, pp 78-86
Abstract

It is widely expected that habitat destruction in the tropics will cause a mass extinction in coming years, but the potential magnitude of the loss is unclear. Existing literature has focused on estimating global extinction rates indirectly or on quantifying effects only at local and regional...

Author(s)
Alroy, J.
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114, 23, pp 6056-6061

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