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Environmental Impact

From climate change to biodiversity loss - documenting human impacts on the environment

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Abstract

Background: Studies have linked gaseous air pollutants to multiple health effects via inflammatory pathways. Several major inflammatory biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) have also been considered as predictors of...

Author(s)
Xu ZhouYang; Wang WanZhou; Liu Qisijing; Li ZiChuan; Lei Lei; Ren LiHua; Deng FuRong; Guo XinBiao; Wu ShaoWei
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Environmental Pollution, 2022, 292, Part A,
Abstract

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Limited evidence suggests ALS diagnosis may be associated with air pollution exposure and specifically traffic-related pollutants. Methods: In this population-based case-control study, we used 3,937 ALS cases from ...

Author(s)
Parks, R. M.; Nunez, Y.; Gibson, E. A.; Balalian, A. A.; Hansen, J.; Raaschou-Nielsen, O.; Ketzel, M.; Khan, J.; Brandt, J.; Vermeulen, R.; Goldsmith, J.; Re, D. B.; Weisskopf, M. G.; Kioumourtzoglou, M. A.
Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc., Hagerstown, USA
Citation
Epidemiology, 2022, 33, 6, pp 757-766
Abstract

Objective: Air pollution, road traffic noise and lack of greenness coexist in urban environments and have all been associated with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate how these co-exposures were associated with type 2 diabetes in a multi-exposure perspective. Methods: We estimated 5-year...

Author(s)
Sørensen, M.; Poulsen, A. H.; Hvidtfeldt, U. A.; Brandt, J.; Frohn, L. M.; Ketzel, M.; Christensen, J. H.; Im, U.; Khan, J.; Münzel, T.; Raaschou-Nielsen, O.
Publisher
Elsevier, Oxford, UK
Citation
Environment International, 2022, 170,
Abstract

Background: Air pollution is a well-recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanistic pathways underlying the association are not completely understood. Hence, further studies are required to shed light on potential mechanisms, through which air pollution may affect the...

Author(s)
Roswall, N.; Poulsen, A. H.; Hvidtfeldt, U. A.; Hendriksen, P. F.; Boll, K.; Halkjær, J.; Ketzel, M.; Brandt, J.; Frohn, L. M.; Christensen, J. H.; Im, U.; Sørensen, M.; Raaschou-Nielsen, O.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA
Citation
Environmental Research, 2023, 220,
Abstract

Background: Previous studies have provided evidence that prenatal exposure to low-level air pollution increases the risk of preterm birth (PTB), but the findings of the effects of short-term exposure have been inconclusive. Moreover, there is little knowledge on potential synergistic effects of...

Author(s)
Siddika, N.; Rantala, A. K.; Antikainen, H.; Balogun, H.; Amegah, A. K.; Ryti, N. R. I.; Kukkonen, J.; Sofiev, M.; Jaakkola, M. S.; Jaakkola, J. J. K.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA
Citation
Environmental Research, 2020, 184,
Abstract

Background: Air pollution is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but its role in the development of congestive heart failure (CHF) and the role of different pollution sources in cardiovascular disease remain uncertain. Methods: Participants were enrolled in the Malmö Diet and...

Author(s)
Carlsen, H. K.; Andersson, E. M.; Molnár, P.; Oudin, A.; Xu, Y.; Wichmann, J.; Spanne, M.; Stroh, E.; Engström, G.; Stockfelt, L.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA
Citation
Environmental Research, 2022, 209,
Abstract

Growing evidence indicates that air pollution can negatively impact cognitive functions. The olfactory system is interesting in this context as it is directly exposed to pollutants and also associated with cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to investigate long- and short-term PM2.5...

Author(s)
Andersson, J.; Oudin, A.; Nordin, S.; Forsberg, B.; Nordin, M.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK
Citation
International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 2022, 32, 11, pp 2484-2495
Abstract

We examine the abatement costs for water and climate pollutants and their respective policies while accounting for cobenefits. We construct private and social marginal cost curves for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient runoff in Finnish agriculture. We find that the social marginal...

Author(s)
Lötjönen, S.; Ollikainen, M.
Publisher
Springer, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Ambio, 2019, 48, 11, pp 1304-1313
Abstract

A large number of toxic gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are produced from the blast models during the drill and blast tunneling excavation. However, the emission characteristics of blast design models have never been mentioned in previously published studies. To acquire ...

Author(s)
Chen JiHui; Qiu WenGe; Rai Partab; Ai XuFeng
Publisher
HARD Publishing Company, Olsztyn, Poland
Citation
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 2021, 30, 6, pp 5503-5517
Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) incidence have been assessed in connection with air pollution exposure in several studies; however, few have investigated associations with source-specific local emissions. This study aims to estimate the risk of DM incidence associated with source-specific air pollution in a ...

Author(s)
Sommar, J. N.; Segersson, D.; Flanagan, E.; Oudin, A.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA
Citation
Environmental Research, 2023, 217,

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