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CAB ReviewFull Text

A growing and increasingly urbanized global population will raise the pressures to intensify agricultural production systems, as the total surface area of arable lands remains constant or even diminishes in many parts of the world. Mainstream agricultural research and development have been...

Author(s)
Stoop, W. A.; Sabarmatee; Pushpalatha Sivasubramanian; Ravindra, A.; Debashish Sen; Prasad, S. C.; Thakur, A. K.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 036, pp 1-19
CAB ReviewFull Text

Cotton is an important fibre crop of global and economic significance. For effective control of bollworms, transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton was introduced on a commercial scale in 1996, with an aim to reduce pesticide consumption. Presently, transgenic cotton is grown on 24 million...

Author(s)
Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Blaise, D.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 046, pp 1-8
CAB ReviewFull Text

We review seven certification systems for verifying carbon trading from forestry and other land uses, and evaluate evidence of their effectiveness in generating social and environmental co-benefits. Published research on non-carbon co-benefits was located by searching the three principal...

Author(s)
Savilaakso, S.; Petrokofsky, G.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 017, pp 1-7
CAB ReviewFull Text

Typhoidal and non-typhoidal salmonellosis have emerged as prominent causes of bloodstream infection in Africa with high fatalities up to 47%. The transmission routes of typhoidal and reservoir hosts of non-typhoidal Salmonella are not fully understood in Africa. Diverse challenges with in-country...

Author(s)
Oloso, N.; Fasina, F. O.; Fasanmi, O. G.; Heerden, H. van; Adesiyun, A. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 042, pp 1-11
CAB ReviewFull Text

Greenhouse gases (GHG: carbon dioxide, CO2; methane, CH4; and nitrous oxide, N2O) are produced as part of the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycle on farms. Livestock production, N fertilizer use and rice cultivation are the main farm activities producing CH4 and N2O, while CO2 emissions are due to...

Author(s)
Wagner-Riddle, C.; VanderZaag, A.; Jaysundara, S.; Congreves, K.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 044, pp 1-10
CAB ReviewFull Text

This paper examines the different approaches traditionally used in agriculture for technology transfer in South Asia and other developing regions, and advocates an alternative approach namely that of the developmental farm model. It has been found to be successful in an Indian context, where...

Author(s)
Behera, U. K.; France, J.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 037, pp 1-7
CAB ReviewFull Text

The Fertile Crescent (FC) is a high biodiversity region where most temperate-zone agricultural species originated and were first domesticated. A favourable environment, a special plant community and an adaptive population combined to initiate the transition from a hunter-gatherer economy to one...

Author(s)
Jaradat, A. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 034, pp 1-33
CAB ReviewFull Text

There is a growing need to understand how our current interactions and practices influence fish welfare and wellbeing. Particularly given the increasing use of fish both as model organisms in research, for example zebrafish used in biomedical experiments, and also in terms of food production in...

Author(s)
Braithwaite, V. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 023, pp 1-7
CAB ReviewFull Text

Application of agricultural limestone to increase alkalinity to about 50 mg/l improves production in fertilized ponds and enhances water quality in ponds for feed-based aquaculture. Burnt lime and hydrated lime cause an initial high pH, but they can be applied to bottoms of empty ponds for the...

Author(s)
Boyd, C. E.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 015, pp 1-10
CAB ReviewFull Text

Vector-borne diseases have a worldwide distribution and are associated with a significant burden causing over one million deaths annually. Dengue and malaria are the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases globally. Vectors transmit the infections to human and animal hosts and are the primary...

Author(s)
Bouzid, M.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 021, pp 1-10

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