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Environmental Impact

From climate change to biodiversity loss - documenting human impacts on the environment

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AbstractFull Text

The relationship between heavy metal concentrations of soil and plant (Senna auriculata) in the hills and roadsides was studied. Atomic absorption spectroscopy was used for determination of metals such as lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in the soil and...

Author(s)
Anand, S. P. A.; Nagalakshmi Ramamoorthy
Publisher
SAARC Agricultural Information Centre (SAIC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Citation
SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 2022, 20, 1, pp 121-130
Abstract

In many countries, where wastewater irrigation has become a common practice, the accumulation of heavy metals by crops has been regarded as a severe environmental hazard. The evaluation of the toxic element lead (Pb) in water, agricultural soils and food crops, and their potential damage to human...

Author(s)
Shahzad Akhtar; Zafar Iqbal Khan; Kafeel Ahmad; Muhammad Nadeem; Abid Ejaz; Muhammad Iftikhar Hussain; Muhammad Arslan Ashraf
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Agricultural Water Management, 2022, 271,
Abstract

Pesticide pollution has been one serious ecological and environmental issue due to its wide application, high toxicity, and complex environmental behavior. The fugacity model has been widely used to quantify biogeochemical cycles of pesticides due to its clear compartments, simple structure, and...

Author(s)
Yan XiaoMan; Zhang ZiQi; Chen Lei; Jiao Cong; Zhu KaiHang; Guo JinSong; Pang MingYue; Jin ZhongTian; Shen ZhenYao
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Environmental Management, 2022, 319,
AbstractFull Text

Analysis of isotopic signatures of nitrogen (15N) is a widely used method for identifying and tracking pathways of N losses in agriculture. It is not yet clear how isotopic signatures in soil, plant and manures are related to N balances at the farm level. In the 'Waterbuddies' project, the N fluxes ...

Author(s)
Sieve, F.; Isselstein, J.; Kayser, M.
Publisher
Organising Committee of the 29th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation & INRAE, Paris, France
Citation
Grassland at the heart of circular and sustainable food systems. Proceedings of the 29th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Caen, France, 26-30 June 2022, 2022, pp 722-724
AbstractFull Text

Process-based simulation models are increasingly used in livestock agriculture as an adjunct to field studies and are time and cost effective if properly validated with field data. In boreal grasslands, models can effectively estimate biomass production but have been less successful in assessing...

Author(s)
Forster, D.; Helama, S.; Virkajarvi, P.; Shurpali, N. J.
Publisher
Organising Committee of the 29th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation & INRAE, Paris, France
Citation
Grassland at the heart of circular and sustainable food systems. Proceedings of the 29th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Caen, France, 26-30 June 2022, 2022, pp 152-154
Abstract

Background. Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are among the most prevalent parasitic worms infecting humans worldwide. They are still a major public health concern in the developing world, school-age children being the most affected segment of the population. Soil polluted with parasite ova and/or...

Author(s)
Aschalew Hussein; Megbaru Alemu; Animen Ayehu
Publisher
Hindawi, London, UK
Citation
Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2022, 2022, 4561561,
Abstract

Spirotetramat, a new type of insecticide which can destroy the energy metabolism of pests by acting as an acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitor, is widely used in the prevention of sucking pests on vegetables and fruits. However, spirotetramat can cause eye impairment and skin sensitization for animals...

Author(s)
Zhao Jing; Zhao QiYang; Zhang YaoHai; He Yue; Jiao BiNing; Cui YongLiang
Publisher
Food and Fermentation Industries (Shipin Yu Fajiao Gongye), Beijing, China
Citation
Food and Fermentation Industries, 2022, 48, 10, pp 247-254
Abstract

This study evaluates the production of a biological active surface agent (BASA) through its surface tension (ST) and emulsifying activity (E24) for endosulfan degradation (ED) and Escherichia coli growth inhibition (EcGI) in an agricultural saline soil. The fungus, identified as Penicillium...

Author(s)
Landa-Faz, A.; Rodríguez-Vázquez, R.; Roldán-Carrillo, T. G.; Hidalgo-Lara, M. E.; Aguilar-López, R.; Cebrián-García, M. E.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology, 2022, 52, 3, pp 292-301
Abstract

Plant nutrition is crucial in crop productivity and providing food security to the ever-expanding population. Application of chemical/biological fertilizers and pesticides are the mainstays for any agricultural economy. However, there are unintended consequences of using chemical fertilizers and...

Author(s)
Smriti Arora; Gajiram Murmu; Koel Mukherjee; Sumit Saha; Dipak Maity
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Biotechnology, 2022, 355, pp 21-41
Abstract

Heavy metal pollution in farmland harms the environment and poses a potential risk to human health. Visible and near-infrared reflectance (VNIR) spectroscopy is a promising tool for estimating heavy metal concentrations in plants. Integer-order derivatives (including the first and second) are...

Author(s)
Zhang ShuangYin; Fei Teng; Chen YiYun; Hong YongSheng
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Biosystems Engineering, 2022, 219, pp 177-188

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