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A growing and increasingly urbanized global population will raise the pressures to intensify agricultural production systems, as the total surface area of arable lands remains constant or even diminishes in many parts of the world. Mainstream agricultural research and development have been...

Author(s)
Stoop, W. A.; Sabarmatee; Pushpalatha Sivasubramanian; Ravindra, A.; Debashish Sen; Prasad, S. C.; Thakur, A. K.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 036, pp 1-19

Hydrogen gas (H2) was once thought to be inert in biological systems but it has now become apparent that exposure of a wide range of organisms, including animals and plants, to H2 or hydrogen-rich water has beneficial effects. It is involved in plant development, and alleviation of stress and...

Author(s)
Wilson, H. R.; Veal, D.; Whiteman, M.; Hancock, J. T.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 045, pp 1-3

Cotton is an important fibre crop of global and economic significance. For effective control of bollworms, transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton was introduced on a commercial scale in 1996, with an aim to reduce pesticide consumption. Presently, transgenic cotton is grown on 24 million...

Author(s)
Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Blaise, D.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 046, pp 1-8

We review seven certification systems for verifying carbon trading from forestry and other land uses, and evaluate evidence of their effectiveness in generating social and environmental co-benefits. Published research on non-carbon co-benefits was located by searching the three principal...

Author(s)
Savilaakso, S.; Petrokofsky, G.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 017, pp 1-7

Greenhouse gases (GHG: carbon dioxide, CO2; methane, CH4; and nitrous oxide, N2O) are produced as part of the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycle on farms. Livestock production, N fertilizer use and rice cultivation are the main farm activities producing CH4 and N2O, while CO2 emissions are due to...

Author(s)
Wagner-Riddle, C.; VanderZaag, A.; Jaysundara, S.; Congreves, K.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 044, pp 1-10

The main diseases of sunflower which can be controlled by major genes are downy mildew, broomrape, rust and Verticillium wilt, whereas the crop shows quantitative resistance to Sclerotinia rots and wilt, phomopsis stem canker, Phoma premature ripening and black stem and Alternaria. Over the past 40 ...

Author(s)
Vear, F.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 035, pp 1-11

The Fertile Crescent (FC) is a high biodiversity region where most temperate-zone agricultural species originated and were first domesticated. A favourable environment, a special plant community and an adaptive population combined to initiate the transition from a hunter-gatherer economy to one...

Author(s)
Jaradat, A. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 034, pp 1-33

Rice is a staple food and the foundation of national stability and economic growth in many developing countries. Rice pests are major biotic constraints limiting rice production globally. This review discusses the biology, ecology, global distribution and plant damage and yield losses caused by...

Author(s)
Heinrichs, E. A.; Rangaswamy Muniappan
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 030, pp 1-31

Forward genetics is an approach that applies mutants to identify genes responsible for a mutant phenotype, and is traditionally achieved using map-based cloning, a time-consuming multistep procedure, particularly for crops with complex genomes that usually lack high-quality genetic maps with...

Author(s)
Zhu QianHao; Wilson, I.; Llewellyn, D.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 016, pp 1-12

The world population is expected to be doubled by the next few decades that will increase the food demand in future. The fruit production is no doubt has of great importance in agricultural sector due to the economic importance and as well as their beneficial effect on human health. Adopting the...

Author(s)
Jemrić, T.; Vuković, M.; Milošević, T.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 024, pp 1-14

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