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Hydrogen gas (H2) was once thought to be inert in biological systems but it has now become apparent that exposure of a wide range of organisms, including animals and plants, to H2 or hydrogen-rich water has beneficial effects. It is involved in plant development, and alleviation of stress and...

Author(s)
Wilson, H. R.; Veal, D.; Whiteman, M.; Hancock, J. T.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 045, pp 1-3

Much has been published regarding the animal welfare aspects of Halal slaughter, particularly when carried out without stunning. Although a significant number of animals are being stunned prior to Halal slaughter in the developed world, in fact, the majority of non-Muslims in these countries are...

Author(s)
Fuseini, A.; Knowles, T. G.; Hadley, P. J.; Wotton, S. B.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 043, pp 1-6

Typhoidal and non-typhoidal salmonellosis have emerged as prominent causes of bloodstream infection in Africa with high fatalities up to 47%. The transmission routes of typhoidal and reservoir hosts of non-typhoidal Salmonella are not fully understood in Africa. Diverse challenges with in-country...

Author(s)
Oloso, N.; Fasina, F. O.; Fasanmi, O. G.; Heerden, H. van; Adesiyun, A. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 042, pp 1-11

Although the gastrointestinal tract is frequently described simply as 'the gut', it is actually made up of: (1) an epithelium; (2) a diverse and robust immune arm, which contains most of the immune cells in the body; and (3) the commensal bacteria, which contain more cells than are present in the...

Author(s)
Kogut, M. H.; Yin XiaoNan; Yuan JianMin; Broom, L.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 031, pp 1-7

There is a growing need to understand how our current interactions and practices influence fish welfare and wellbeing. Particularly given the increasing use of fish both as model organisms in research, for example zebrafish used in biomedical experiments, and also in terms of food production in...

Author(s)
Braithwaite, V. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 023, pp 1-7

Application of agricultural limestone to increase alkalinity to about 50 mg/l improves production in fertilized ponds and enhances water quality in ponds for feed-based aquaculture. Burnt lime and hydrated lime cause an initial high pH, but they can be applied to bottoms of empty ponds for the...

Author(s)
Boyd, C. E.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 015, pp 1-10

Animal diseases are a significant source of lost revenue in livestock production systems. Reduction and control of diseases has traditionally been done under three management programs: eradication by test and slaughter, vaccination, and use of antibiotics. However, inadequate efficacy of vaccines...

Author(s)
Taxis, T. M.; Casas, E.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 026, pp 1-20

Beef is an excellent source of protein, B vitamins and trace minerals and can be an important source of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated (PUFA) and other bioactive fatty acids such as vaccenic acid (VA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). However, beef consumption has been declining mainly due to...

Author(s)
Vahmani, P.; Rolland, D. C.; Mapiye, C.; Dunne, P. G.; Aalhus, J. L.; Juarez, M.; McAllister, T. A.; Prieto, N.; Dugan, M. E. R.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 020, pp 1-17

Despite being eradicated from Europe and probably the rest of the world, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) continues to plague sub-Saharan Africa affecting at least 25 countries, in particular Ethiopia, Ghana, Tanzania, Cameroon, Angola, Nigeria and Zambia. Evidence has shown that the...

Author(s)
Olorunshola, I. D.; Peters, A. R.; Scacchia, M.; Nicholas, R. A. J.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 019, pp 1-7
Open Access

The current fragmented framework of health governance for humans, animals and environment, together with the conventional linear approach to solving current health problems, is failing to meet today's health challenges and is proving unsustainable. Advances in healthcare depend increasingly on...

Author(s)
Queenan, K.; Garnier, J.; Nielsen, L. R.; Buttigieg, S.; Meneghi, D. de; Holmberg, M.; Zinsstag, J.; Rüegg, S.; Häsler, B.; Kock, R.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 014, pp 1-17

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