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CAB Reviews

A reviews journal covering agriculture, global health, nutrition, natural resources and veterinary science

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Many human studies have reported controversial results on the benefit of probiotics on leptin levels. White adipose tissue (WAT) secretes leptin and plays an important role in energy balance and glucose homeostasis by decreasing food consumption and acting on fatty acid oxidation and weight...

Author(s)
Papandreou, D.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2020, 15, 015, pp 1-2

The global population is rapidly increasing and will surpass 10 billion people within the next 20 years. As diminishing resources continue to impact agriculture, and with the necessity to feed the world by 2050, the agricultural sector must be able to sustainably and efficiently produce...

Author(s)
Myer, P. R.; Clemmons, B. A.; Schneider, L. G.; Ault, T. B.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2019, 14, 008, pp 1-11

Gut health' is currently a hot topic in animal production but lacks precise definition or definitive assessment. Antibiotics have been used for many years to manage gut health issues but are under pressure in many parts of the world to help protect their long-term effectiveness. The intestine is...

Author(s)
Broom, L. J.; Kogut, M. H.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2018, 13, 038, pp 1-6

Poultry growth performance and feed efficiency are closely related to the intestinal microbiota quantity, wall structure and the activity of the immune system. Several antibiotics was used in poultry feeds as growth promoters to enhance growth and improve feed efficiency and to reduce mortality in...

Author(s)
Denlİ, M.; Demİrel, R.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2018, 13, 035, pp 1-9

Although the gastrointestinal tract is frequently described simply as 'the gut', it is actually made up of: (1) an epithelium; (2) a diverse and robust immune arm, which contains most of the immune cells in the body; and (3) the commensal bacteria, which contain more cells than are present in the...

Author(s)
Kogut, M. H.; Yin XiaoNan; Yuan JianMin; Broom, L.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 031, pp 1-7

Lignocellulosic biomass comprises the most abundant biopolymers on earth, cellulose, hemicelluloses, pectin and lignin. The total annual production of lignocellulosic biomass is estimated at about 10-50 billion metric tonnes of which approximately 4 billion tonnes consist of annual crop residues,...

Author(s)
Blümmel, M.; Steele, B.; Dale, B. E.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2014, 9, 041, pp 1-8

Epidemiological studies have shown an association between the consumption of cruciferous vegetables and a reduced risk of certain types of cancers, in particular, pancreatic, bladder and colorectal. This is thought to be the result of the conversion of glucosinolates (GSLs) present in the...

Author(s)
Mullaney, J. A.; Ansell, J.; Kelly, W. J.; Heyes, J. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2013, 8, 034, pp 1-15

Over the last decade, research has provided a better understanding of the complexity and activity of the human gut microbiota. Molecular, culture-independent techniques made possible to identify health-promoting bacterial species in the human gut. This has intensified interest in the use of dietary ...

Author(s)
Baran, M. M.; Kolida, S.; Rastall, R. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews, 2012, 7, 069, pp 1-15

Constructed ecosystems are engineered to perform functions, such as bioremediation of contaminants, and are increasingly viewed as green alternatives to conventional technologies. Augmenting biodiversity of managed systems such as agroecosystems has been shown to improve yields and other functions...

Author(s)
Ranalli, M.; Lundholm, J.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 034, pp 16 pp.

Maintenance of intestinal immune system homeostasis requires the host to distinguish commensal bacteria, which are members of the gut microbiota, from pathogenic micro-organisms and respond accordingly. Although the mechanisms that maintain this homeostasis are not completely understood, evidence,...

Author(s)
Brisbin, J. T.; Haghighi, H. R.; Kulkarni, R.; Sharif, S.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2007, 2, 008, pp 11 pp.

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