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A growing and increasingly urbanized global population will raise the pressures to intensify agricultural production systems, as the total surface area of arable lands remains constant or even diminishes in many parts of the world. Mainstream agricultural research and development have been...

Authors
Stoop, W. A.; Sabarmatee; Pushpalatha Sivasubramanian; Ravindra, A.; Debashish Sen; Prasad, S. C.; Thakur, A. K.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 036, pp 1-19

Hydrogen gas (H2) was once thought to be inert in biological systems but it has now become apparent that exposure of a wide range of organisms, including animals and plants, to H2 or hydrogen-rich water has beneficial effects. It is involved in plant development, and alleviation of stress and...

Authors
Wilson, H. R.; Veal, D.; Whiteman, M.; Hancock, J. T.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 045, pp 1-3

Cotton is an important fibre crop of global and economic significance. For effective control of bollworms, transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton was introduced on a commercial scale in 1996, with an aim to reduce pesticide consumption. Presently, transgenic cotton is grown on 24 million...

Authors
Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Blaise, D.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 046, pp 1-8

We review seven certification systems for verifying carbon trading from forestry and other land uses, and evaluate evidence of their effectiveness in generating social and environmental co-benefits. Published research on non-carbon co-benefits was located by searching the three principal...

Authors
Savilaakso, S.; Petrokofsky, G.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 017, pp 1-7

Much has been published regarding the animal welfare aspects of Halal slaughter, particularly when carried out without stunning. Although a significant number of animals are being stunned prior to Halal slaughter in the developed world, in fact, the majority of non-Muslims in these countries are...

Authors
Fuseini, A.; Knowles, T. G.; Hadley, P. J.; Wotton, S. B.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 043, pp 1-6

Typhoidal and non-typhoidal salmonellosis have emerged as prominent causes of bloodstream infection in Africa with high fatalities up to 47%. The transmission routes of typhoidal and reservoir hosts of non-typhoidal Salmonella are not fully understood in Africa. Diverse challenges with in-country...

Authors
Oloso, N.; Fasina, F. O.; Fasanmi, O. G.; Heerden, H. van; Adesiyun, A. A.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 042, pp 1-11

Greenhouse gases (GHG: carbon dioxide, CO2; methane, CH4; and nitrous oxide, N2O) are produced as part of the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycle on farms. Livestock production, N fertilizer use and rice cultivation are the main farm activities producing CH4 and N2O, while CO2 emissions are due to...

Authors
Wagner-Riddle, C.; VanderZaag, A.; Jaysundara, S.; Congreves, K.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 044, pp 1-10

This paper examines the different approaches traditionally used in agriculture for technology transfer in South Asia and other developing regions, and advocates an alternative approach namely that of the developmental farm model. It has been found to be successful in an Indian context, where...

Authors
Behera, U. K.; France, J.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 037, pp 1-7

The main diseases of sunflower which can be controlled by major genes are downy mildew, broomrape, rust and Verticillium wilt, whereas the crop shows quantitative resistance to Sclerotinia rots and wilt, phomopsis stem canker, Phoma premature ripening and black stem and Alternaria. Over the past 40...

Authors
Vear, F.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 035, pp 1-11

The Fertile Crescent (FC) is a high biodiversity region where most temperate-zone agricultural species originated and were first domesticated. A favourable environment, a special plant community and an adaptive population combined to initiate the transition from a hunter-gatherer economy to one...

Authors
Jaradat, A. A.
Publisher
CABI
Publication
CAB Reviews, 2017, 12, 034, pp 1-33

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