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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Nitrogen dioxide: ambient exposure in human disorders.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is produced in certain industrial processes. Point exposure to high concentration of NO2 (>100 ppm), such as in silo filler's disease and during chemical warfare, produces acute lung injury, and death in the worst cases. Acute exposure to lower concentration of NO2 (0.5-15 ...

Author(s)
Huang, Y. C. T.; Tucker, J. L.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Dioxins II. Human exposure and health risks.

There are two very different facets of dioxins. On the one hand they are feared environmental 'superpoisons'; on the other hand they are highly interesting tools for studying the mechanisms of intracellular receptors, gene expression, growth and development of organs, metabolism of chemicals in the ...

Author(s)
Tuomisto, J.; Viluksela, M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glyphosate as a glycine analogue.

Glyphosate is the most heavily used herbicide on the planet, due to its ability to kill all types of weeds and its perceived non-toxicity to humans. Its usage on core crops in the USA has increased dramatically in the past two decades, in step with an alarming increase in a long list of...

Author(s)
Seneff, S.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Crude oil pollution II. Effects of the <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Deepwater Horizon</i> contamination on sediment toxicity in the Gulf of Mexico.

The Deepwater Horizon accident and subsequent oil spill released between 3.2 and 6.2 million barrels (509-986 million litres) of oil. Following capping of the well site, a series of cruises was undertaken from September through October 2010 to determine if oil had reached the bottom and if sediment ...

Author(s)
Montagna, P. A.; Arismendez, S. S.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Review of studies of composition, toxicology and human health impacts of wastewater from unconventional oil and gas development from shale.

Unconventional oil and gas (UOG) extraction has produced large economic benefits. However, prudent management of UOG wastes necessitates a thorough understanding of the complex composition, fate and potential impacts of wastewater releases. UOG production results in large volumes of wastewater....

Author(s)
Crosby, L. M.; Orem, W. H.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Cadmium I. Exposure and human health effects: an overview.

Cadmium is a metal that has been extensively used for a wide variety of industrial applications in the past, but more recently the growing awareness of the adverse health effects has led to restrictions and ban of use in several applications. Cadmium is emitted into the environment via both natural ...

Author(s)
Åkesson, A.; Kippler, M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Particulates from combustion sources: formation, characteristics and toxic hazards.

Particulates from combustion sources are a major component of outdoor and indoor air pollutants. During fires, they contribute to acute injury and deaths from smoke exposure; and through chronic daily exposure in homes, workplaces and the outdoor environment they are a major cause of long-term...

Author(s)
Purser, D. A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Assessment of the ecotoxicity of airborne particulate matter.

The deleterious effect of airborne particulate matter or its individual components on human health has been widely studied; however, much less information is available on its potential toxicity on the non-human biota. This chapter is intended to give a comprehensive insight into the principle of...

Author(s)
Kováts, N.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxicity of microplastics in the marine environment.

Marine litter is one of the most expanding and devastating problems in the marine environment. Among several types of items and origins, microplastics have been drawing attention due to their small particle size (<5 mm), persistence and the potential to be ingested by a high variety of organisms ...

Author(s)
Santana, M. F. M.; Turra, A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for 21st Century toxicology: methods for environmental toxicology and monitoring.

Traditional animal toxicity testing has been challenged in this century to shift towards toxicity pathway-based approaches for a more efficient evaluation of a large number of chemicals and a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying toxicological effects. The toxicity pathway describes...

Author(s)
Lundqvist, J.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter

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