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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Approaches and perspectives in insect species conservation.

This chapter provides information on the conservation for some identified insect species as conservation units. These are usually threatened and facing increasing risk of extinction. Practical approaches and methods are also given.

Author(s)
Samways, M. J.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789241686)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Welfare issues at slaughter.

This chapter discusses animal welfare in the context of slaughter and reviews the types of welfare issues that some animals can experience before and during slaughter. It shows how animal feelings such as pain, distress, fear, hunger, thirst, fatigue and discomfort can be affected by the procedures ...

Author(s)
Cockram, M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Tradeoffs balancing livestock and poultry welfare concerns with the commercial reality of slaughter.

When working with commercial companies, it is often more effective to actually achieve 70-80% of the desired welfare improvements than attempt to achieve 100% perfection and accomplish nothing. There are conditions that cause suffering that are always wrong and in these situations there is never a...

Author(s)
Grandin, T.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Review of scientific research studies on poultry stunning methods.

This chapter describes the most commonly used methods for the stunning of poultry and the regulatory and welfare aspects in relation to each method.

Author(s)
Berg, C.; Raj, M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Basics of captive bolt stunning of cattle and other animals.

Captive bolt guns and firearms are used to humanely induce unconsciousness in animals being slaughtered, euthanized or depopulated. A secondary method such as pithing, exsanguination or injectable agents should be used immediately after a captive bolt stun to ensure death occurs. Using a firearm...

Author(s)
Baier, F.; Willson, D.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Religious slaughter and how to improve welfare during both kosher and halal methods.

This chapter has four parts: (i) welfare during restraint for slaughter without stunning and assessment of restraint methods; (ii) welfare issues associated with the neck cut; (iii) methods to reduce the time the animal remains conscious; and (iv) use of permitted stunning methods. A major issue is ...

Author(s)
Grandin, T.; Voogd, E.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Auditing and assessing the welfare of livestock and poultry during pre-slaughter handling and stunning.

Animal-based measures are an effective method for both auditing and monitoring handling and stunning of livestock and poultry in commercial abattoirs. The following variables should be measured. For livestock, the percentage of animals is assessed on five measures: (i) effective stunning with one...

Author(s)
Grandin, T.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789240573)
Type
Book chapter
Full TextCABI Book Chapter InfoOpen Access
Cover for The rapid incineration field test as an accurate, cost-effective and practical tool for estimating soil carbon in Africa.

Determining soil carbon levels is not an exact science; variability due to sampling technique and method of determination has been documented over the years. Current methods for soil carbon determination are expensive, energy intensive, time-consuming and use potentially hazardous chemicals. To...

Author(s)
Ackhurst, A.; Auerbach, R.; Louw, J.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786399601)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Organophosphates II. Neurobehavioural problems following low-level exposure: methodological considerations for future research.

Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are one of the most widely used insecticides in the world and concern about the effects of OPs on human health has been growing as they are increasingly used throughout the world. The neurotoxic effects of high-level acute poisoning are well established, but the...

Author(s)
Ross, S. J. M.; Harrison, V.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Harnessing transcriptomics to study insect biology.

This chapter focuses on the history and development of transcriptomics and common methodologies. Some case studies of the application of transcriptomics in entomology are also highlighted.

Author(s)
Lewald, K. M.; Chiu, J. C.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789243130)
Type
Book chapter

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