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CABI Book Chapter

Improving animal welfare: a practical approach.

Book cover for Improving animal welfare: a practical approach.


The third edition of this book contains a total of 20 chapters (including 3 new chapters), including the implementation of an effective animal welfare programme; the importance of measurement to improve the welfare of livestock, poultry and fish; the social and ethical importance of agricultural animal welfare; the implementation of effective animal-based measurements for assessing animal welfare ...


Chapter 11 (Page no: 241)

Welfare during transport of livestock and poultry.

This chapter discusses if an animal is fit for transport, the preparation of animals for transport, the design of loading ramps and handling facilities, how to determine if bruises and injuries are occurring on vehicles or in the abattoir, research on space requirements and rest stops and the use of animal-based measurements (ABMs) to assess transport and handling. To maintain an acceptable level of animal welfare, animals or poultry must be fit for transport. The OIE has guidelines for transport. Animals that can barely walk or are likely to become non-ambulatory should not be transported. A number of different factors can reduce fitness for transport, such as emaciated poor body condition, severe lameness, lack of acclimatization for a different climate, no vaccinations, fed the wrong feed, high doses of beta-agonists, or genetic conditions. Loading ramps and vehicles should have nonslip flooring. In some developing countries, there is a lack of unloading ramps and animals are dragged off of the vehicles. Simple ramps could greatly improve welfare. Welfare problems during transport of both livestock and poultry can be monitored by animal-based measures (ABMs) of bruises, death losses, broken wings, and other injuries. Overloading of transport vehicles may increase death losses or bruising. Careful driving is also essential to enable animals to remain standing. During hot weather, losses from heat stress can be reduced by either keeping vehicles moving or providing fan ventilation.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to implementing an effective animal welfare program. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) The importance of measurement to improve the welfare of livestock, poultry, and fish. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 46) Why is agricultural animal welfare important? The social and ethical context. Author(s): Rollin, B.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 60) Implementing effective animal-based measurements for assessing animal welfare on farms and slaughter plants. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 84) How to improve livestock handling and reduce stress. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 113) Painful husbandry procedures in livestock and poultry. Author(s): Stafford, K. J. Mellor, D. J. Vogel, K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 145) The importance of good stockmanship and its benefits to animals. Author(s): Rushen, J. Passillé, M. de
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 160) Animal behavior and emotions - on-farm considerations. Author(s): Edwards-Callaway, L. N. Widowski, T. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 181) Improving livestock, poultry, and fish welfare in slaughter plants with auditing programs and animal-based measures. Author(s): Temple, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 210) Recommended on-farm euthanasia practices. Author(s): Woods, J. Shearer, J. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 268) Animal well-being on organic farms. Author(s): Karreman, H. J. Fulwider, W.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 284) A practical approach on sustainability for supply chain managers of meat, dairy, and other animal proteins. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 300) The effect of economic factors on the welfare of livestock and poultry. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 314) Improving animal care and welfare: practical approaches for achieving change. Author(s): Whay, H. R. Mullan, S. Main, D. C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 337) Successful technology transfer of behavioral and animal welfare research to the farm and slaughter plant. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 351) Future of animal welfare - technological innovations for individualized animal care. Author(s): Kaur, U. Voyles, R. M. Donkin, S.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 363) Technology designed to enhance poultry welfare. Author(s): Daigle, C.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 376) Precision livestock farming and technology in swine welfare. Author(s): Benjamin, M. Yik, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 385) Practical methods for improving the welfare of equids: horses, donkeys, and mules. Author(s): McLean, A. K. Heleski, C. R. Swanson, J. C.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2021
  • ISBN
  • 9781789245219
  • Record Number
  • 20203564872