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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

The physiology of vegetable crops.

Book cover for The physiology of vegetable crops.

Description

This book on the physiology of vegetable crops focuses on the activities and functions of vegetables, defined as herbaceous plants that are harvested for edible parts that can be consumed fresh or with little preparation. Physiology deals with the growth and development processes of these plants, and while this book is focused primarily on the organ and whole-plant level, brief mention of cellular...

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Chapter 16 (Page no: 389)

Glucosinolates in Brassica.

The order Brassicales is characterized by a specific group of secondary plant metabolites, namely the glucosinolates, which are sulfur and nitrogen-containing compounds. For human nutrition, glucosinolates are of special interest due to their health-promoting properties in general and the cancer preventive properties of their breakdown products in particular. This chapter discusses the function of glucosinolates and their breakdown products in humans and plants. The genetic, environmental and agronomic (such as farming and cropping systems) factors influencing glucosinolates in Brassica vegetables are also described. In brassicaceous vegetables, genetic factors are the most influential in affecting glucosinolate profiles and concentrations. However, environmental and agronomical factors also change the concentration of glucosinolates enormously with up to 556-fold for specific compounds (e.g. isothiocyanates). This newly generated knowledge should be integrated into future breeding schemes for the production of brassicaceous vegetables that improve human health. Specifically, the health-beneficial effects of isothiocyanates should be augmented in specific plant organs and plant development stages for improved human nutrition.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Seed storage, germination, quality, and enhancements. Author(s): Taylor, A. G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 31) Transplanting. Author(s): Leskovar, D. I.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Regulation of flowering in crop plants. Author(s): Wigge, P. A. Jaeger KatjaE.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 71) Abiotic stress effects on vegetable crops. Author(s): Wien, H. C.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 94) Models of vegetable growth and development. Author(s): Stützel, H. Chen T. W.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 117) Correlative growth in vegetable plants. Author(s): Wien, H. C.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 138) Tomato. Author(s): Heuvelink, E. Okello, R. C. O. Peet, M. Giovannoni, J. J. Dorais, M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 179) Peppers. Author(s): Yasuor, H. Wien, H. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 209) Potato. Author(s): Rosen, C. J. Gupta, S. K. Souza, E. F. C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 244) The cucurbits. Author(s): Chen, T. W. Stützel, H. Wien, H. C.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 271) Phaseolus beans. Author(s): Rao, I. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 287) Peas. Author(s): Davies, P. J. Muehlbauer, F. J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 317) Sweet corn. Author(s): Tracy, W. F. Shuler, S. Dodson-Swenson, H.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 333) Lettuce. Author(s): Wien, H. C.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 357) Cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts. Author(s): Wien, H. C. Stützel, H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 399) The root vegetables: beet, carrot, parsnip, and turnip. Author(s): Goldman, I. L.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 421) Allium crops. Author(s): Rabinowitch, H. D. Goldstein, R. K.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 457) Asparagus. Author(s): Drost, D. T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg 1, 14979 Grossbeeren, Germany.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781786393777
  • Record Number
  • 20203203602