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CABI Book Chapter

Livestock handling and transport.

Book cover for Livestock handling and transport.

Description

In this 5th edition of Livestock Handling and Transport the author focused on the effects of biosecurity, genetics, structural designs of areas in the farm and slaughterhouse, proper handling and transport of animals on the welfare, physiology, behaviour, health, and economics of livestock animals. This edition has 473 pages and divided into 23 chapters. Topics of each chapter includes (from chapt...

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Chapter 10 (Page no: 184)

Handling and transport of cattle and pigs in South America.

This chapter offers a short description of the importance of livestock production chains for South American countries, and covers initiatives used in Brazil, Chile and Uruguay to reduce bruising and other damage to beef and pork carcasses. It is shown that after training truck drivers and handlers, and improving facilities and equipment, the percentage of damaged carcasses was halved. The results also showed that when cattle passed through markets on the way to slaughter they had four times the risk of having meat of a high pH (>5.8) compared with cattle that were shipped direct. Another advantage of the adoption of low-stress handling methods is less stress on the stock people. When better methods are used for handling cattle, corrals can be built from less expensive and more economical materials; this section also provides details of a low-cost corral layout, showing that solid fences that block the animal's vision can be constructed from vertical bamboo strips attached to a wire or wood plank fence. The second section covers extensive new handling research with Nellore cattle, which are more reactive than the British and European breeds. The six tips for handling Nellore are: (i) No shouting or hitting; (ii) Move them through the race before procedures; (iii) Only one animal in the race at a time; (iv) Small groups brought to the corrals; (v) Cows immediately exit to pasture after procedures; (vi) Use a lead horse in the pasture. The third and fourth sections cover new research in Chile and Uruguay with the British and European breeds.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The importance of stockmanship to maintain high standards of handling and transport of livestock and poultry. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Welfare of transported animals: welfare assessment and factors affecting welfare. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Stress physiology of animals during transport. Author(s): Vogel, K. D. Romans, E. F. I. Obiols, P. L. Velarde, A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) The effects of both genetics and previous experience on livestock behaviour, handling and temperament. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 80) Behavioural principles of handling beef cattle and the design of corrals, lairages, races and loading ramps. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 110) Dairy cattle handling, transport and well-being. Author(s): Baier, F. Fulwider, W. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 126) Robotic milking of dairy cows: behaviour and welfare. Author(s): King, M. DeVries, T. Pajor, E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 139) Handling cattle raised in close association with people. Author(s): Ewbank, R. Parker, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Cattle transport in North America. Author(s): Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 206) Behavioural principles of sheep handling. Author(s): Hutson, G. D. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 229) Design of sheep yards and shearing sheds. Author(s): Barber, A. Freeman, R. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 239) Sheep transport. Author(s): Cockram, M. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 254) Dogs for herding and guarding livestock. Author(s): Coppinger, L. Coppinger, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 271) Goat handling and transport. Author(s): Miranda-de la Lama, G. C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 290) Behavioural principles of pig handling. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 307) Transport of pigs. Author(s): Faucitano, L. Lambooij, E.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 328) Transport of market pigs: improvements in welfare and economics. Author(s): Garcia, A. Johnson, A. K. Ritter, M. J. Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S. McGlone, J. J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 347) Handling and transport of horses. Author(s): Houpt, K. A. Wickens, C. L.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 370) Deer handling and transport. Author(s): Goddard, P.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 404) Poultry handling and transport. Author(s): Weeks, C. A. Tuyttens, F. A. M. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 427) Transport of cattle, sheep and other livestock by sea and air. Author(s): Phillips, C.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 442) Principles of biosecurity during transport, handling and slaughter of animals. Author(s): Belk, K. E. Weinroth, M. D. Grandin, T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Grupo ETCO (Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Etologia e Ecologia Animal) UNESP, Departamento de Zootecnia, Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, Jaboticabat, SP, Brazil.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2019
  • ISBN
  • 9781786399151
  • Record Number
  • 20193452514