Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

 

Continuing to use www.cabi.org  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Livestock handling and transport.

Book cover for Livestock handling and transport.

Description

In this 5th edition of Livestock Handling and Transport the author focused on the effects of biosecurity, genetics, structural designs of areas in the farm and slaughterhouse, proper handling and transport of animals on the welfare, physiology, behaviour, health, and economics of livestock animals. This edition has 473 pages and divided into 23 chapters. Topics of each chapter includes (from chapt...

Metrics

Chapter 5 (Page no: 80)

Behavioural principles of handling beef cattle and the design of corrals, lairages, races and loading ramps.

Beef cattle and other grazing animals have behaviour patterns during handling that are influenced by vision. A prey species animal has wide-angle vision that will detect rapid motion and possible danger. The eight basic behavioural patterns during handling in grazing animals are: (i) flight zone; (ii) turn and look at people who are outside their flight zone; (iii) point of balance that controls direction of movement; (iv) natural following the leader behaviour; (v) return to where they came from; (vi) soft bunching; (vii) milling when a predator attacks; and (viii) isolation alone can be highly stressful. Good stock people understand the principle of pressure and release. When cattle move in the desired direction, the handler reduces pressure on the flight zone. Tame cattle can be led instead of being driven. This chapter also contains drawings of popular layouts for races, yards, lairages and corrals for handling cattle. There is also a list of common design mistakes that can cause balking and refusal to move through a handling system. Cattle will move more easily through a race if visual distractions are removed. Common distractions are: shadows, sunbeams, reflections from shiny vehicles, and seeing people up ahead. Covering the outer perimeter fence of a facility will help block distractions.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The importance of stockmanship to maintain high standards of handling and transport of livestock and poultry. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Welfare of transported animals: welfare assessment and factors affecting welfare. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Stress physiology of animals during transport. Author(s): Vogel, K. D. Romans, E. F. I. Obiols, P. L. Velarde, A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) The effects of both genetics and previous experience on livestock behaviour, handling and temperament. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 110) Dairy cattle handling, transport and well-being. Author(s): Baier, F. Fulwider, W. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 126) Robotic milking of dairy cows: behaviour and welfare. Author(s): King, M. DeVries, T. Pajor, E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 139) Handling cattle raised in close association with people. Author(s): Ewbank, R. Parker, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Cattle transport in North America. Author(s): Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 184) Handling and transport of cattle and pigs in South America. Author(s): Costa, M. J. R. P. da Huertas, S. M. Gallo, C.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 206) Behavioural principles of sheep handling. Author(s): Hutson, G. D. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 229) Design of sheep yards and shearing sheds. Author(s): Barber, A. Freeman, R. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 239) Sheep transport. Author(s): Cockram, M. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 254) Dogs for herding and guarding livestock. Author(s): Coppinger, L. Coppinger, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 271) Goat handling and transport. Author(s): Miranda-de la Lama, G. C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 290) Behavioural principles of pig handling. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 307) Transport of pigs. Author(s): Faucitano, L. Lambooij, E.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 328) Transport of market pigs: improvements in welfare and economics. Author(s): Garcia, A. Johnson, A. K. Ritter, M. J. Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S. McGlone, J. J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 347) Handling and transport of horses. Author(s): Houpt, K. A. Wickens, C. L.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 370) Deer handling and transport. Author(s): Goddard, P.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 404) Poultry handling and transport. Author(s): Weeks, C. A. Tuyttens, F. A. M. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 427) Transport of cattle, sheep and other livestock by sea and air. Author(s): Phillips, C.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 442) Principles of biosecurity during transport, handling and slaughter of animals. Author(s): Belk, K. E. Weinroth, M. D. Grandin, T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Animal Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2019
  • ISBN
  • 9781786399151
  • Record Number
  • 20193452509