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CABI Book Chapter

Livestock handling and transport.

Book cover for Livestock handling and transport.

Description

In this 5th edition of Livestock Handling and Transport the author focused on the effects of biosecurity, genetics, structural designs of areas in the farm and slaughterhouse, proper handling and transport of animals on the welfare, physiology, behaviour, health, and economics of livestock animals. This edition has 473 pages and divided into 23 chapters. Topics of each chapter includes (from chapt...

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 30)

Stress physiology of animals during transport.

The assessment of welfare cannot always be totally objective. What level of physiological stress is acceptable? How hungry or thirsty can an animal become before the condition is not acceptable? Degrees of hunger, dehydration and other stresses can be assessed with objective biochemical or other tests but their interpretation is subjective. It is also important to remember that during mating, play or chasing prey animals, many of the biochemical variables that are commonly used as measures of welfare reach extreme values. In these situations, the welfare of the animal may well be good. Additionally, many stressors that occur during transport have a longer duration. In this chapter, studies on transport mortalities for poultry, cattle, calves, sheep and pigs are reviewed. It also reviews measures of physiological indicators of fasting, dehydration, general reactions to stress (heart rate, cortisol, respiration and glucose) and physical activity (lactate, glycogen, creatine kinase).

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The importance of stockmanship to maintain high standards of handling and transport of livestock and poultry. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Welfare of transported animals: welfare assessment and factors affecting welfare. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) The effects of both genetics and previous experience on livestock behaviour, handling and temperament. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 80) Behavioural principles of handling beef cattle and the design of corrals, lairages, races and loading ramps. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 110) Dairy cattle handling, transport and well-being. Author(s): Baier, F. Fulwider, W. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 126) Robotic milking of dairy cows: behaviour and welfare. Author(s): King, M. DeVries, T. Pajor, E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 139) Handling cattle raised in close association with people. Author(s): Ewbank, R. Parker, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Cattle transport in North America. Author(s): Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 184) Handling and transport of cattle and pigs in South America. Author(s): Costa, M. J. R. P. da Huertas, S. M. Gallo, C.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 206) Behavioural principles of sheep handling. Author(s): Hutson, G. D. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 229) Design of sheep yards and shearing sheds. Author(s): Barber, A. Freeman, R. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 239) Sheep transport. Author(s): Cockram, M. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 254) Dogs for herding and guarding livestock. Author(s): Coppinger, L. Coppinger, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 271) Goat handling and transport. Author(s): Miranda-de la Lama, G. C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 290) Behavioural principles of pig handling. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 307) Transport of pigs. Author(s): Faucitano, L. Lambooij, E.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 328) Transport of market pigs: improvements in welfare and economics. Author(s): Garcia, A. Johnson, A. K. Ritter, M. J. Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S. McGlone, J. J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 347) Handling and transport of horses. Author(s): Houpt, K. A. Wickens, C. L.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 370) Deer handling and transport. Author(s): Goddard, P.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 404) Poultry handling and transport. Author(s): Weeks, C. A. Tuyttens, F. A. M. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 427) Transport of cattle, sheep and other livestock by sea and air. Author(s): Phillips, C.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 442) Principles of biosecurity during transport, handling and slaughter of animals. Author(s): Belk, K. E. Weinroth, M. D. Grandin, T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Animal and Food Science, University of Wisconsin, River Falls, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2019
  • ISBN
  • 9781786399151
  • Record Number
  • 20193452507