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CABI Book Chapter

Crossing in oil palm: a manual.

Book cover for Crossing in oil palm: a manual.

Description

This manual discusses first the history of cultivation and breeding, as well as the pollen and embryo sac biology, fertilization, germplasm and commercial crossing, of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Then, guidelines in health and safety issues relating to crossing in oil palm are given, followed by protocols on pollen collection and storage; pollen viability testing; isolation of the female inflore...

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Chapter 1 (Page no: 3)

Introduction.

A brief history of the evolution of the oil palm crop is provided, from domestication and small-scale production in Africa (its centre of origin/diversity) to crop expansion, especially in South-east Asia, in becoming the world's top oil crop. Knowledge of the biology and genetics of oil palm are fundamental in understanding how the crop can be developed through crossing and breeding, and key biological factors such as flowering, outcrossing and genetics are described. A prerequisite for breeding is the crossing of parental lines that carry desirable traits; thus, the germplasm (genetic variation) available to breeders is critical for success. Traditional traits of interest are yield and quality. More recently, disease and pest resistance have become important, as too have novel traits that may be exploited in developing a crop that can be harvested mechanically. Crossing is not only performed to develop and improve elite breeding lines but also is an essential component of commercial seed production.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 15) Health and safety considerations. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 19) Pollen collection and storage. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 29) Pollen viability testing. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 35) Isolation of the female inflorescence. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 41) Pollination. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 47) Commercial Tenera production. Author(s): Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Dery, S.