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Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Book cover for Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Description

This manual discusses first the history of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production and the health and safety in the seed processing facility, then describes the isolation of the female inflorescence, pollination, harvesting, seed preparation, seed viability testing, seed moisture testing, seed processing for commercial seed production, and seed production for breeding. It shows that the process fo...

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Chapter 1 (Page no: 3)

Introduction.

Oil palm, EIaeis guineensis Jacq., is an important source of vegetable oil. Oil is extracted from the fruit mesocarp (crude palm oil) and from the seed (palm kernel oil). Botanically, the fruit is a drupe, with the kernel protected by a shell (nut). The commercial oil palm is Tenera (thin shelled), which is a hybrid from crossing Dura (thick shelled) seed palms with Pisifera (no shell) pollen palms. Since the shell is maternal tissue, seed for commercial planting has a thick shell. Like most seeds with very thick shells, oil palm seeds are difficult to germinate, the seed naturally germinates sporadically over time, and dormancy can last for up to 2 years. The challenges for seed production are to overcome dormancy (by weakening the operculum to allow germination), synchronize germination, produce a high germination percentage and high-quality germinated seed, free of abnormality or fungal infection. The processes used involve temperature treatments, imbibition, adjustment of seed moisture content and fungal control.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 11) Health and safety considerations. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 15) Isolation of the female inflorescence. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 19) Pollination. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 25) Harvesting. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 29) Seed preparation. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 35) Seed viability testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 39) Seed moisture testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 43) Seed processing for commercial production. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 53) Seed production for breeding. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.