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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Animal welfare.

Book cover for Animal welfare.

Description

This third edition of "Animal Welfare" has 407 pages and is divided into five parts. Part I, Issues, introduces the background and philosophy of the subject. Part II covers problems for animal welfare, starting in chapter 3 with the animal's interactions with its environment. The following four chapters use categories similar to the UK Farm Animal Welfare Committee's (undated) Five Freedoms, altho...

Metrics

Chapter 8 (Page no: 141)

Health and disease.

Health and disease are important components in the broader concept of welfare. Understanding the relationship between health and welfare requires inferences about subjective feelings such as pain and distress. Similar types of disease occur in animals and humans, and our assessment of how animals suffer depends on behavioural, physiological and clinical observations and our own experiences. In this chapter, the implications of disease for welfare, the underlying pathophysiological principles, the types of disease, their assessment and control, and care and treatment options are described and discussed. Suffering can occur both with acute conditions such as viral diseases and with chronic disease: disorders of the joints such as arthritis, foot conditions such as laminitis and foot rot, and digestive disturbances may be especially painful. Skin conditions such as sheep scab or red mite infestation can cause intense discomfort. In modern agriculture, genetic selection for maximum productivity, such as milk output, broiler growth or egg number, can affect health adversely in terms of metabolic diseases, lameness or bone fractures. In both farm and companion animals, selection for conformation can affect normal functioning. The development of intensive systems has emphasized the importance of first-class stockmanship. This involves not only careful attention to the animals' daily needs but also a detailed programme of disease control with vaccination, treatment, environmental maintenance, hygiene, record-keeping and biosecurity.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Animal ethics. Author(s): Palmer, C. Sandøe, P.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 16) Understanding animal welfare. Author(s): Keeling, L. J. Rushen, J. Duncan, I. J. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 39) Environmental challenge and animal agency. Author(s): Špinka, M. Wemelsfelder, F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) Hunger and thirst. Author(s): Kyriazakis, I. Tolkamp, B.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 76) Pain. Author(s): Viñuela-Fernández, I. Weary, D. M. Flecknell, P. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 92) Fear and other negative emotions. Author(s): Boissy, A. Dwyer, C. M. Jones, R. B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 114) Frustration and boredom in impoverished environments. Author(s): Mason, G. J. Burn, C. C.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 160) Behaviour. Author(s): Olsson, I. A. S. Würbel, H. Mench, J. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) Physiology. Author(s): Blache, D. Terlouw, C. Maloney, S. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 213) Preference and motivation research. Author(s): Fraser, D. Nicol, C. J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 232) Practical strategies to assess (and improve) welfare. Author(s): Butterworth, A. Mench, J. A. Wielebnowski, N. Olsson, I. A. S.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) Physical conditions. Author(s): Nielsen, B. L. Appleby, M. C. Waran, N. K.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 271) Social conditions. Author(s): Galindo, F. Newberry, R. C. Mendl, M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 294) Human contact. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H. Sherwen, S. L. Coleman, G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 315) Genetic selection. Author(s): Hocking, P. M. D'Eath, R. B. Kjaer, J. B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 335) Economics. Author(s): Bennett, R. M. Thompson, P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 349) Regulation, enforcement and incentives. Author(s): Knierim, U. Pajor, E. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 362) International issues. Author(s): Appleby, M. C. Huertas, S. M.