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CABI Book Chapter

Almonds: botany, production and uses.

Book cover for Almonds: botany, production and uses.

Description

This book, containing 20 chapters, deals with almond taxonomy, morphology, physiology, cultivation history, production, breeding (classical and molecular), cultivar development, genomics, pollen-style (in)compatibility, rootstock development, propagation, orchard management, environmental and water requirements, nutrition, diseases, pests, harvesting, chemical composition, marketing, processing an...

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Chapter 14 (Page no: 291)

Almond tree nutrition.

Almond requires 17 elements for growth and development and, if any of these elements are deficient, growth and production are impaired. These 17 elements are called essential elements and include carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chloride (Cl), molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni). This chapter describes three methods of monitoring the nutrient supply and diagnosing nutrition problems in almond: (i) soil analysis, (ii) leaf analysis, and (iii) visual inspection (symptoms). Because of their central importance to almond production, N and K fertilizer management are discussed in more detail. The 4R (right rate, right time, right placement and right source) approach to fertilizer management is explained. The occurrence, identification and correction of common nutrient disorders are described, as well as the damages caused by nutrient toxicities.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Taxonomy, botany and physiology. Author(s): Socias i Company, R. Ansón, J. M. Espiau, M. T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 43) History of cultivation. Author(s): Gradziel, T. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 70) Production and growing regions. Author(s): Gradziel, T. M. Curtis, R. Socias i Company, R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 87) Almond in the Southern Hemisphere. Author(s): Wirthensohn, M. Iannamico, L.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 111) Classical genetics and breeding. Author(s): Batlle, I. Dicenta, F. Socias i Company, R. Gradziel, T. M. Wirthensohn, M. Duval, H. Vargas, F. J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 149) Molecular breeding and genomics. Author(s): Font i Forcada, C. Sánchez-Pérez, R. Eduardo, I. Wu ShuBiao Fernández i Martí, Á.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 168) Late-blooming cultivar development. Author(s): Dicenta, F. Sánchez-Pérez, R. Batlle, I. Martínez-Gómez, P.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 188) Pollen-style (in)compatibility: development of autogamous cultivars. Author(s): Socias i Company, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 209) Rootstock development. Author(s): Rubio-Cabetas, M. J. Felipe, A. J. Reighard, G. L.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 228) Propagation techniques. Author(s): Rubio-Cabetas, M. J. Felipe, A. J. Bordas, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 240) Orchard management. Author(s): Arquero, O. Jarvis-Shean, K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 254) Environmental requirements. Author(s): Alonso, J. M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 279) Almond water requirements. Author(s): Doll, D.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 321) Almond diseases. Author(s): Palacio-Bielsa, A. Cambra, M. Martínez, C. Olmos, A. Pallás, V. López, M. M. Adaskaveg, J. E. Förster, H. Cambra, M. A. Duval, H. Esmenjaud, D.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 375) Almond pests. Author(s): Zalom, F. G. Núñez, E. Baldwin, R. A.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 406) Almond harvesting. Author(s): Carbó, J. L. E. Connell, J. H.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 428) Chemical composition of almond nuts. Author(s): Kodad, O.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 449) World almond market. Author(s): Ryan, N. T.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 460) Processing and industrialization. Author(s): Verdú, A. Izquierdo, S. Socias i Company, R.