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The handbook of microbial bioresources.

Book cover for The handbook of microbial bioresources.

Description

This book, inclusive of 39 chapters, provides a detailed discussion on the biotechnological methods and processes, as well as the industrial applications, of various microbial resources. Current use of these microbial resources in the medical (anti-cancer substances from bacteria), agricultural (i.e., mycorrhizal fungi, biofertilizers, insect pest control), food (i.e., probiotics, prebiotics), fee...

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Chapter 30 (Page no: 478)

Microbial lipases: emerging biocatalysts.

Microbial lipases (EC 3.1.1.3) are an important group of biotechnologically valuable enzymes. They are enantioselective, chemoselective and stereoselective in nature, which makes them an important tool in various medical and industrial fields. Lipases also have unique characteristics as they act at the oil/water interface. Microbial lipases can be distinguished from each other in structure, substrate specificity and the biochemical environment in which they are secreted, and therefore can be classified under different categories. Due to their commercial importance and ecological as well as economical significance, the market value of these enzymes is continuously growing and new or improved enzymes will be a key element in the emerging realm of biotechnology. The current need is isolation of novel microbial lipases from various sources and their characterization for development of safer and cheaper formulations for industrial and medical prospects. Maximum utilization of such lipases will be possible only by detailed study of their isolation, production, molecular structure and kinetics. In addition to this, physical and chemical factors and sources that affect lipase production and activity also have to be considered. This chapter presents an overview of the microbial lipases with emphasis on their classification, sources, structure, mechanism of lipolysis and the various applications of these biocatalysts.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Microbial resources for improved crop productivity. Author(s): Raya-González, J. Hernández-Abreu, E. Valencia-Cantero, E. López-Bucio, J.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 14) The contributions of mycorrhizal fungi. Author(s): Pagano, M. C. Jorio, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) Trichoderma: utilization for agriculture management and biotechnology. Author(s): Pradeep Kumar Madhu Kamle Mishra, S. K. Gupta, V. K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) The role of Bacillus bacterium in formation of plant defence: mechanism and reaction. Author(s): Maksimov, I. Khairullin, R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 81) Biofilm formation on plant surfaces by rhizobacteria: impact on plant growth and ecological significance. Author(s): Altaf, M. M. Ahmad, I.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 96) Biofilmed biofertilizers: application in agroecosystems. Author(s): Buddhika, U. V. A. Seneviratne, G. Ekanayake, E. M. H. G. S. Senanayake, D. M. N. Igalavithane, A. D. Nirodha Weeraratne Jayasekara, A. P. D. A. Weerakoon, W. L. Amila Indrajith Gunaratne, H. M. A. C. Kumara, R. K. G. K. Silva, M. S. D. L. de Kennedy, I. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 107) Microbial nanoformulation: exploring potential for coherent nano-farming. Author(s): Sandhya Mishra Chetan Keswani Akanksha Singh Singh, B. R. Singh, S. P. Singh, H. B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 121) Bacillus thuringiensis: a natural tool in insect pest control. Author(s): Hernández-Fernández, J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 140) Pleurotus as an exclusive eco-friendly modular biotool. Author(s): Ram Naraian Simpal Kumari Siya Ram
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 159) Use of biotechnology in promoting novel food and agriculturally important microorganisms. Author(s): Saravanakumar, D. Badrie, N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 179) Endophytes: an emerging microbial tool for plant disease management. Author(s): Dipali Majumder Binalata Kangjam Devi, K. J. Domesticity Lyngdoh Janshame Tariang Dwipendra Thakuria Aakash Goyal
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 193) Role of Listeria monocytogenes in human health: disadvantages and advantages. Author(s): Khan, J. A. Rathore, R. S. Shaheen Khan Hussain, F. M. Iqbal Ahmad
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 204) Natural weapons against cancer from bacteria. Author(s): Smriti Gaur
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 211) Giardia and giardiasis: an overview of recent developments. Author(s): Sandipan Ganguly Dibyendu Raj
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 228) Power of bifidobacteria in food applications for health promotion. Author(s): Nguyen, Q. D. Kun, S. Bujna, E. Havas, P. Hoschke, Á. Rezessy-Szabó, J. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 259) Probiotics and dental caries: a recent outlook on conventional therapy. Author(s): Sarika Amdekar Patidar, R. K. Avnish Kumar Shrivastav, V. K. Navneet Swargiri Vinod Singh
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 270) Human microbiota for human health. Author(s): Raghavendra, M. P. Mudili Venkataramana Basappa Girish, K. S. Siddaiah Chandranayaka
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 284) Biotechnological production of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Author(s): Abaide, E. R. Bastos, J. Prá, V. dal Terra, L. de M. Kuhn, R. C. Mazutti, M. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 296) Functional enzymes for animal feed applications. Author(s): El-Enshasy, H. A. Nor Zalina, B. O. Elsayed, E. A. Sarmidi, M. R. Wadaan, M. A. Ramlan Aziz
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 313) Microbial xylanases: production, applications and challenges. Author(s): Shiv Shankar Shikha Manjul Gupta
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 331) Microbial chitinase: production and potential applications. Author(s): Mohammed Kuddus Saima
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 361) Characteristics of microbial inulinases: physical and chemical bases of their activity regulation. Author(s): Holyavka, M. G. Artyukhov, V. G. Kovaleva, T. A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 369) Microbial resources for biopolymer production. Author(s): Pelissari, F. M. Tibolla, H. Sartori, T. Menegalli, F. C.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 388) Microbial metabolites in the cosmetics industry. Author(s): El-Enshasy, H. A. Hamid, M. A. Malek, R. A. Nagib Elmarzugi Sarmidi, M. R.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 406) Fungi of the genus Pleurotus: importance and applications. Author(s): Téllez-Téllez, M. Díaz-Godínez, G.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 426) Useful microorganisms for environmental sustainability: application of heavy metal tolerant consortia for surface water decontamination in natural and artificial wetlands. Author(s): Amábilis-Sosa, L. E. Salgado-Bernal, I. Siebe, C. D. Moeller-Chávez, G. E. García-Gómez, R. S. Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. C.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 441) Exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing bacteria: an ideal source of biopolymers. Author(s): Kanika Sharma Hema Chandran
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 456) Microbial process development for fermentation-based biosurfactant production. Author(s): Abacha, Y. Sanderson, P. Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 467) Recent developments on algal biofuel technology. Author(s): Long, R. Sanderson, P. Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 489) Bioremediation of gaseous and liquid hydrogen sulfide pollutants by microbial oxidation. Author(s): Ravichandra Potumarthi Rao, A. G. Annapurna Jetty
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 502) Archaea, a useful group for unconventional energy production: methane production from sugarcane secondary distillation effluents using thermotolerant strains. Author(s): Bernal-González, M. Toscano-Pérez, D. Falcón, L. I. Alcántara-Hernández, R. J. Salgado-Bernal, I. Solís-Fuentes, J. A. Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. del C.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 528) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: biosurfactants and prebiotic carbohydrates. Author(s): Néri-Numa, I. A. Paulino, B. N. Pessôa, M. G. Abrahão, M. R. E. Bution, M. L. Molina, G. Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 549) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: bioflavours and biocolourants. Author(s): Molina, G. Abrahão, M. R. E. Pessôa, M. G. Bution, M. L. Paulino, B. N. Néri-Numa, I. A. Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 567) Actinomycetes in biodiscovery: genomic advances and new horizons. Author(s): Kurtböke, D. İ.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 591) Molecular strategies for the study of the expression of gene variation by real-time PCR. Author(s): Cristóbal, H. A.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 616) Whole genome sequence typing strategies for enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O157:H7 serotype. Author(s): Rusconi, B. Eppinger, M.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 634) Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential. Author(s): Purchase, D.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 675) Philippine fungal diversity: benefits and threats to food security. Author(s): Cumagun, C. J. R.