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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

The handbook of microbial bioresources.

Book cover for The handbook of microbial bioresources.


This book, inclusive of 39 chapters, provides a detailed discussion on the biotechnological methods and processes, as well as the industrial applications, of various microbial resources. Current use of these microbial resources in the medical (anti-cancer substances from bacteria), agricultural (i.e., mycorrhizal fungi, biofertilizers, insect pest control), food (i.e., probiotics, prebiotics), fee...


Chapter 24 (Page no: 388)

Microbial metabolites in the cosmetics industry.

The cosmetics industry is one of the fastest growing sectors and is a multibillion dollar business. Over the last few decades, people have shown increased interest in using cosmetics of natural origin, replacing in part the extensively used chemicals in this industry. Natural cosmetics are usually considered as safer, more biocompatible and with fewer side effects. For a long time, natural cosmetics have used plant or animal extracts as the basal material. However, microorganisms such as bacterial cells are now considered as potential sustainable sources of functional ingredients or additives in order to improve the quality of such products. Microorganisms in the appropriate conditions produce a variety of low-molecular-weight chemical compounds, including several organic acids, alcohols, proteins and polysaccharides which can be used for various applications in the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and cosmeceutical industries. Such compounds are extensively used in the cosmetic field either as the main functional active ingredients for protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation, or as anti-ageing or antibacterial agents and immunomodulators, or as binding, thickening, colouring and stabilizing agents. This chapter reviews the main groups of microbial metabolites currently used in the cosmetics industry either as active ingredients or as additives.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Microbial resources for improved crop productivity. Author(s): Raya-González, J. Hernández-Abreu, E. Valencia-Cantero, E. López-Bucio, J.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 14) The contributions of mycorrhizal fungi. Author(s): Pagano, M. C. Jorio, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) Trichoderma: utilization for agriculture management and biotechnology. Author(s): Pradeep Kumar Madhu Kamle Mishra, S. K. Gupta, V. K.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) The role of Bacillus bacterium in formation of plant defence: mechanism and reaction. Author(s): Maksimov, I. Khairullin, R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 81) Biofilm formation on plant surfaces by rhizobacteria: impact on plant growth and ecological significance. Author(s): Altaf, M. M. Ahmad, I.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 96) Biofilmed biofertilizers: application in agroecosystems. Author(s): Buddhika, U. V. A. Seneviratne, G. Ekanayake, E. M. H. G. S. Senanayake, D. M. N. Igalavithane, A. D. Nirodha Weeraratne Jayasekara, A. P. D. A. Weerakoon, W. L. Amila Indrajith Gunaratne, H. M. A. C. Kumara, R. K. G. K. Silva, M. S. D. L. de Kennedy, I. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 107) Microbial nanoformulation: exploring potential for coherent nano-farming. Author(s): Sandhya Mishra Chetan Keswani Akanksha Singh Singh, B. R. Singh, S. P. Singh, H. B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 121) Bacillus thuringiensis: a natural tool in insect pest control. Author(s): Hernández-Fernández, J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 140) Pleurotus as an exclusive eco-friendly modular biotool. Author(s): Ram Naraian Simpal Kumari Siya Ram
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 159) Use of biotechnology in promoting novel food and agriculturally important microorganisms. Author(s): Saravanakumar, D. Badrie, N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 179) Endophytes: an emerging microbial tool for plant disease management. Author(s): Dipali Majumder Binalata Kangjam Devi, K. J. Domesticity Lyngdoh Janshame Tariang Dwipendra Thakuria Aakash Goyal
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 193) Role of Listeria monocytogenes in human health: disadvantages and advantages. Author(s): Khan, J. A. Rathore, R. S. Shaheen Khan Hussain, F. M. Iqbal Ahmad
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 204) Natural weapons against cancer from bacteria. Author(s): Smriti Gaur
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 211) Giardia and giardiasis: an overview of recent developments. Author(s): Sandipan Ganguly Dibyendu Raj
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 228) Power of bifidobacteria in food applications for health promotion. Author(s): Nguyen, Q. D. Kun, S. Bujna, E. Havas, P. Hoschke, Á. Rezessy-Szabó, J. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 259) Probiotics and dental caries: a recent outlook on conventional therapy. Author(s): Sarika Amdekar Patidar, R. K. Avnish Kumar Shrivastav, V. K. Navneet Swargiri Vinod Singh
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 270) Human microbiota for human health. Author(s): Raghavendra, M. P. Mudili Venkataramana Basappa Girish, K. S. Siddaiah Chandranayaka
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 284) Biotechnological production of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Author(s): Abaide, E. R. Bastos, J. Prá, V. dal Terra, L. de M. Kuhn, R. C. Mazutti, M. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 296) Functional enzymes for animal feed applications. Author(s): El-Enshasy, H. A. Nor Zalina, B. O. Elsayed, E. A. Sarmidi, M. R. Wadaan, M. A. Ramlan Aziz
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 313) Microbial xylanases: production, applications and challenges. Author(s): Shiv Shankar Shikha Manjul Gupta
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 331) Microbial chitinase: production and potential applications. Author(s): Mohammed Kuddus Saima
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 361) Characteristics of microbial inulinases: physical and chemical bases of their activity regulation. Author(s): Holyavka, M. G. Artyukhov, V. G. Kovaleva, T. A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 369) Microbial resources for biopolymer production. Author(s): Pelissari, F. M. Tibolla, H. Sartori, T. Menegalli, F. C.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 406) Fungi of the genus Pleurotus: importance and applications. Author(s): Téllez-Téllez, M. Díaz-Godínez, G.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 426) Useful microorganisms for environmental sustainability: application of heavy metal tolerant consortia for surface water decontamination in natural and artificial wetlands. Author(s): Amábilis-Sosa, L. E. Salgado-Bernal, I. Siebe, C. D. Moeller-Chávez, G. E. García-Gómez, R. S. Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. C.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 441) Exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing bacteria: an ideal source of biopolymers. Author(s): Kanika Sharma Hema Chandran
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 456) Microbial process development for fermentation-based biosurfactant production. Author(s): Abacha, Y. Sanderson, P. Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 467) Recent developments on algal biofuel technology. Author(s): Long, R. Sanderson, P. Rahman, P. K. S. M.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 478) Microbial lipases: emerging biocatalysts. Author(s): Kanika Sharma Naveen Sharma Madhu Rathore
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 489) Bioremediation of gaseous and liquid hydrogen sulfide pollutants by microbial oxidation. Author(s): Ravichandra Potumarthi Rao, A. G. Annapurna Jetty
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 502) Archaea, a useful group for unconventional energy production: methane production from sugarcane secondary distillation effluents using thermotolerant strains. Author(s): Bernal-González, M. Toscano-Pérez, D. Falcón, L. I. Alcántara-Hernández, R. J. Salgado-Bernal, I. Solís-Fuentes, J. A. Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúa, M. del C.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 528) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: biosurfactants and prebiotic carbohydrates. Author(s): Néri-Numa, I. A. Paulino, B. N. Pessôa, M. G. Abrahão, M. R. E. Bution, M. L. Molina, G. Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 549) Industrial additives obtained through microbial biotechnology: bioflavours and biocolourants. Author(s): Molina, G. Abrahão, M. R. E. Pessôa, M. G. Bution, M. L. Paulino, B. N. Néri-Numa, I. A. Pastore, G. M.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 567) Actinomycetes in biodiscovery: genomic advances and new horizons. Author(s): Kurtböke, D. İ.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 591) Molecular strategies for the study of the expression of gene variation by real-time PCR. Author(s): Cristóbal, H. A.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 616) Whole genome sequence typing strategies for enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli of the O157:H7 serotype. Author(s): Rusconi, B. Eppinger, M.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 634) Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential. Author(s): Purchase, D.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 675) Philippine fungal diversity: benefits and threats to food security. Author(s): Cumagun, C. J. R.