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CABI Book Chapter

Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases: leading research.

Book cover for Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases: leading research.

Description

This volume provides a holistic overview of the advances in the use of biological control agents (BCAs) and plant resistance inducers to reduce various phytopathogenic infections of grapevine. The ecology, mechanisms involved in protection and application methods of these BCAs and inducers are discussed in detail as applied to organic viticulture, integrated pest management (IPM) systems and diffe...

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Chapter 4 (Page no: 64)

Beneficial bacteria prime local and systemic immunity against Botrytis cinerea in grapevine.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to examine the efficacy of various beneficial bacteria, originating from different host plants, to trigger induced systemic resistance (ISR) against B. cinerea in relation to their capacity to induce or prime immune responses in grapevine. The study focused especially on oxidative burst in grapevine cell suspensions and the systemic production of stilbenic phytoalexins in plants. The bacteria used in this study were from different plants or rhizospheres: Pantoea agglomerans PTA-AF2, Bacillus subtilis PTA-271, Acinetobacter lwoffii PTA-113 and Pseudomonas fluorescens PTA-CT2 from grapevine, P. fluorescens CHA0 from tobacco, P. fluorescens WCS417 and Q2-87 from wheat, P. putida WCS358 from potato and P. aeruginosa 7NSK2 and its mutants KMPCH and KMPCH-567 from bean [Phaseolus vulgaris]. The results showed that early production of H2O2 by grapevine cells was not necessarily linked to enhanced resistance in the plants. However, induced resistance by Pseudomonas fluorescens PTA-CT2 and A. lwoffii PTA-113, as well as by Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0, Q2-87, P. putida WCS358 and P. aeruginosa 7NSK2, appears to be linked to both the induction and the priming of phytoalexins. Pantoea agglomerans PTA-AF2 and Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS417, which are effective in triggering ISR, can induce, but not prime, phytoalexin accumulation after challenge. The results also highlight that there are different mechanisms involved in the establishment of ISR in grapevine against B. cinerea.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Major biocontrol studies and measures against fungal and oomycete pathogens of grapevine. Author(s): Zanzotto, A. Morroni, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 35) Grapevine endophytes and plant health: a culture-independent approach. Author(s): Yousaf, S. Anees, M. Campisano, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 52) Ecology and function of grape-associated microorganisms with a special focus on biocontrol of Botrytis cinerea. Author(s): Cardinale, M. Berg, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 70) Potential of two Bacillus antagonists for biocontrol of grey mould. Author(s): Ben-Maachia, S. Errakhi, R. Mathieu, F. Lebrihi, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 76) Isolation and characterization of antibiotics produced by Streptomyces J-2 and their role in biocontrol of plant diseases, especially grey mould. Author(s): Errakhi, R. Bouteau, F. Barakate, M. Lebrihi, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 84) Use of Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137 to control Botrytis cinerea? Author(s): Muzammil, S. Saria, R. Yu, Z. Graillon, C. Mathieu, F. Lebrihi, A. Compant, S.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 93) DOPE-FISH, a tool to visualize beneficial bacteria systemically controlling Botrytis cinerea? Author(s): Compant, S. Muzammil, S. Mathieu, F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 98) Endophytic fungi in asymptomatic Vitis vinifera L. and their effects on Plasmopara viticola. Author(s): Burruano, S. Mondello, V. Conigliaro, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 113) Enhancing the aggressiveness of the powdery mildew mycoparasite Ampelomyces quisqualis. Author(s): Angeli, D. Micheli, S. Maurhofer, M. Pertot, I.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 117) Protection of grapevines by Pythium oligandrum strains isolated from Bordeaux vineyards against powdery mildew. Author(s): Gerbore, J. Bruez, E. Vallance, J. Grizard, D. Regnault-Roger, C. Rey, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 125) Bioactive natural products for managing downy mildew disease in grapevine. Author(s): Islam, M. T.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 150) Biological control of grape canker pathogens. Author(s): Costadone, L. Gubler, W. D.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 160) Esquive® WP limits development of grapevine trunk diseases and safeguards the production potential of vineyards. Author(s): Mounier, E. Boulisset, F. Cortes, F. Cadiou, M. Dubournet, P. Pajot, E.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 171) A model for biological control studies of grapevine trunk diseases under laboratory conditions. Author(s): Pierron, R. J. G. Pouzoulet, J. Meziane, A. Mailhac, N. Jacques, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 182) Detection of bacterial endophytes in Vitis vinifera L. and antibiotic activity against grapevine fungal pathogens. Author(s): Piccolo, S. Lo Alfonzo, A. Burruano, S. Moschetti, G.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 191) Impact of grapevine preharvest treatments with elicitor on the occurrence and toxigenesis of ochratoxigenic fungi. Author(s): Dachoupakan, C. Strub, C. Martinez, V. Baccou, J. C. Schorr-Galindo, S.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 210) An experimental approach to understanding grapevine yellows associated with phytoplasma infections. Author(s): Brader, G. Compant, S. Gangl, H. Sessitsch, A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 215) Endophytic bacteria associated with grapevine plants: putative candidates for phytoplasma containment. Author(s): Bulgari, D. Casati, P. Quaglino, F. Bianco, P. A.