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CABI Book Chapter

Potato and sweetpotato in Africa: transforming the value chains for food and nutrition security.

Book cover for Potato and sweetpotato in Africa: transforming the value chains for food and nutrition security.

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This book is based on papers presented at the Ninth Triennial African Potato Association Conference, Naivasha, Kenya, 30 June-4 July 2013.The book focuses on the policies for germplasm exchange, food security and trade in Africa, seed systems, breeding and disease management and postharvest management, processing technologies and marketing systems of potato and sweet potato. The nutritional value ...

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Chapter 4 (Page no: 88)

Development and evaluation of new sweetpotato varieties through farmer participatory breeding for high altitudes in Kenya.

Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) plays a significant role in food and nutritional security in Kenya. However, production is constrained by: (i) Sweet potato virus diseases (SPVD) and weevils (Cylas spp.); (ii) shortage of clean planting materials; (iii) lack of suitable varieties for high altitude agroecosystems; (iv) poor postharvest handling; and (v) poor market access. In order to enhance the role of sweetpotato for food security, a breeding programme was initiated at Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)-Njoro with the objective of developing varieties with desirable genetic and agronomic attributes which include high yields, resistance to SPVD and weevils, improved food quality, and market acceptability for high altitudes. Thirty-six potential parents were identified in initial screening of 440 accessions from landraces, improved and imported accessions. Hand and polycrossing process was performed to generate a breeding nursery of 2200 seedlings. Forty-three entries were identified for advancement to preliminary yield evaluation. Out of these, ten entries were advanced to multi-location testing in five sites under the oversight of the National Performance Trials committee. The multi-location trials were conducted on a randomized complete block design with three replicates at Kabianga (LH1-1745 m above sea level (masl)), Ravine (LH3-2167 masl), KARI-Lanet (LH4-1920 masl), Lare (LH4-1900 masl) and KARI-Njoro (LH3-2166 masl). The sites were in the Central Rift Valley region. Participatory variety evaluation by researchers, extensionists, plant regulators and farmers was adopted in all the trials. Standard operating procedures and analyses as prescribed by the International Potato Center and the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service were used to evaluate: (i) yields; (ii) viruses and weevils; (iii) dry matter content; (iv) beta-carotene; and (v) acceptability by consumers. The main result of the trials' evaluation was the release of five new varieties - three orange-fleshed Kenspot-4, Kenspot-5 and Kenspot-3; yellow-fleshed Kenspot-1; and white-fleshed Kenspot-2. The improved varieties have better average root yields (20 t/ha) compared with the national average root yields (12.8 t/ha); moderate field resistance to SPVD and weevils; moderate dry matter content (26-32%); and consumer acceptability. The orange-fleshed sweetpotato varieties will provide consumers and farmers with moderate provitamin A contents which will alleviate vitamin A deficiency in Kenya. Through participatory breeding, production capacity of sweetpotato at high altitudes has increased providing food security, farmer adoption knowledge has improved, market strategies have been determined and food quality has improved. Variety recommendation is agroecological specific.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Advances in sweetpotato breeding from 1992 to 2012. Author(s): Grüneberg, W. J. Ma, D. Mwanga, R. O. M. Carey, E. E. Huamani, K. Diaz, F. Eyzaguirre, R. Guaf, E. Jusuf, M. Karuniawan, A. Tjintokohadi, K. Song, Y. S. Anil, S. R. Hossain, M. Rahaman, E. Attaluri, S. I. Somé, K. Afuape, S. O. Adofo, K. Lukonge, E. Karanja, L. Ndirigwe, J. Ssemakula, G. Agili, S. Randrianaivoarivony, J. M. Chiona, M. (et al)
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 69) Breeding sweetpotato for yield and beta-carotene content in Burkina Faso. Author(s): Somé, K. Ouedraogo, T. J. Belem, J. Asante, K. I. Vernon, G. Danquah, Y. E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 79) Development of dual-purpose sweetpotato varieties through participatory breeding in Rwanda. Author(s): Shumbusha, D. Ndirigwe, J. Kankundiye, L. Musabyemungu, A. Mwanga, R. O. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 98) In vitro evaluation of orange-fleshed sweetpotato genotypes for drought tolerance using polyethylene glycol. Author(s): Agili, S. Aggrey, B. N. Ngamau, K. Masinde, W. P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 110) Ex ante evaluation of improved potato varieties for sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): Kleinwechter, U. Hareau, G. Bonierbale, M. Gastelo, M. Harahagazwe, D.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 122) Durable cisgenic resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato, and perspectives for applications in Africa. Author(s): Gheysen, G. Heremans, B. Droogenbroeck, B. van Custers, R. Vossen, J. H. Visser, R. G. F. Jacobsen, E. Hutten, R. Haverkort, A. J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 128) Exhibition trial and farmer participatory selection of new late-blight resistant B3C1 potato genotypes for adaptation to Nigerian conditions. Author(s): Amadi, C. O. Lang, A. J. Dung, E. A. Lenka, D. M. Dalyop, T. Y. Landeo, J. A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 134) Integrative breeding strategy for making climate-smart potato varieties for sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): Asfaw, A. Bonierbale, M. Khan, M. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 143) New elite potato clones with heat tolerance, late blight and virus resistance to address climate change. Author(s): Gastelo, M. Diaz, L. Landeo, J. A. Bonierbale, M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 155) Strategies to improve seed potato quality and supply in sub-Saharan Africa: experience from interventions in five countries. Author(s): Demo, P. Lemaga, B. Kakuhenzire, R. Schulz, S. Borus, D. Barker, I. Woldegiorgis, G. Parker, M. L. Schulte-Geldermann, E.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 168) Public-private partnership supporting women-driven seed potato multiplication in the Lumwana catchment area of North-Western Province of Zambia. Author(s): Chalwe, A. Bwembya, S. Kanema, H. Subakanya, D.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 176) Risk of uncontrolled importation of seed potato from Europe to East and Central Africa: what are the policy options? Author(s): Kaguongo, W. Rwomushana, I. Kashaija, I. N. Ntizo, S. Kabira, J.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 186) Quality seed potato production: experience from the highlands of Ethiopia. Author(s): Woldegiorgis, G. Hailemariam, G. Lemaga, B. Schulz, S.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 199) A possible pathway for developing formal seed potato production in sub-Saharan Africa: a case of Uganda National Seed Potato Producers' Association (UNSPPA). Author(s): Kakuhenzire, R. Tindimubona, S. Kashaija, I. N. Lemaga, B.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 207) Potato yield variation as affected by virus seed degeneration and growth conditions in Tunisia. Author(s): Khamassy, N. Riadh, I. Boukhris-Bouhachem, S.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 212) Seed potato certification in Kenya: prospects, achievements and constraints. Author(s): Kimani, E. Ngundo, G. Macharia, I.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 218) Adaptation and improvement of the seed-plot technique in smallholder potato production. Author(s): Kinyua, Z. M. Schulte-Geldermann, E. Namugga, P. Ochieng-Obura, B. Tindimubona, S. Bararyenya, A. Kashaija, I. N. Rwomushana, I. Opio, F.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 226) Integration of in vitro techniques in informal seed production systems of potato in Africa. Author(s): Kumar, V. A. Kumar, A.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 235) Comparison between fluorescent lamps and light-emitting diodes on in vitro growth of potato microplants and subsequent in vivo performance and minituber production. Author(s): Kwigizile, O. H. Palohuta, J. P. Kakuhenzire, R.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 242) An analysis of demand, supply and elasticities of seed potato in major producing areas in Nigeria. Author(s): Lenka, D. M. Dung, E. A. Asumugha, G.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 249) An alternative technology for pre-basic seed potato production - sand hydroponics. Author(s): Mbiri, D. Schulte-Geldermann, E. Otazu, V. Kakuhenzire, R. Demo, P. Schulz, S.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 254) Improving seed health and seed performance by positive selection in three Kenyan potato varieties. Author(s): Schulte-Geldermann, E. Gildemacher, P. R. Struik, P.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 261) Scaling up the adoption of positive selection and seed-plot techniques in seed potato systems in Uganda - UNSPPA's experience. Author(s): Tindimubona, S. Kinyua, Z. M. Opio, F. Rwomushana, I. Bararyenya, A. Nahayo, P. Kaguongo, W. Oggema, J. N. Biryomumaisho, B. Namugga, P. Kashaija, I. N.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 266) Substrate and genotype effects on growth for seed potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) production in Malawi. Author(s): Zimba, S. C. Njoloma, J. P. Nyaika, J. A. Mwase, W. F. Maliro, M. F. Kwapata, M. B. Bokosi, J. M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 274) Work of multiple organizations to improve seed potato health in the USA and an example of change to reduce Potato virus Y in seed potato lots. Author(s): Whitworth, J. L. Nolte, P.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 279) Potato virus Y in South Africa: isolate characterization and assessment of potato cultivar resistance. Author(s): Visser, J. C. Bellstedt, D. U.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 289) Can small still be beautiful? Moving local sweetpotato seed systems to scale in sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): McEwan, M. Almekinders, C. Abidin, P. E. Andrade, M. Carey, E. E. Gibson, R. W. Naico, A. Namanda, S. Schulz, S.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 311) Effect of long-term in vitro subculturing on quality degeneration of sweetpotato varieties: morpho-anatomic assessment and simple sequence repeat (SSR) analysis. Author(s): Hundayehu, M. C. Toit, E. du Laurie, S. M. Steyn, M. Greyling, R. Myeza, N.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 322) Shortage of sweetpotato planting material caused by prolonged dry seasons in Africa: strategies to increase its availability in Uganda. Author(s): Namanda, S. Gibson, R. W.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 330) Evaluation and promotion of sustainable farmer seed supply systems for vegetatively propagated crops in Central and Eastern Kenya. Author(s): Gathaara, V. N. Simuyu, P. O. Kilambya, D. W. Muriuki, E. K. Thuranira, E. G. Miano, D. W.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 339) Disease management, especially viruses in potato and sweetpotato. Author(s): Valkonen, J. P. T. Kreuze, J. F. Ndunguru, J.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 350) Insect Life Cycle Modelling (ILCYM) software - a generic platform for developing insect phenology models, population analysis and risk mapping. Author(s): Tonnang, H. E. Z. Sporleder, M. Juarez, H. Carhuapoma, P. Krosc, J.
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 362) Phytophthora infestans population changes in Kenya pose challenges to existing potato blight control strategies. Author(s): Nyongesa, M. Lung'aho, C. Wasilwa, L. Mbiyu, M. Onditi, J. Otieno, S.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 368) Root knot nematodes and soft rot Enterobacteriaceae, two emerging problems of potatoes. Author(s): Moleleki, L. N.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 375) Can mineral oil protect seed potato against aphid transmission of Potato virus y? Author(s): Boukhris-Bouhachem, S. Sellami, M. H. Chaieb, I. Souissi, R. El-Fahem, M.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 382) The farming systems of potential potato production areas of Chencha, southern Ethiopia. Author(s): Mazengia, W. Schulte, R. Tadese, Y. Griffin, D. Schulz, S. Struik, P. C.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 396) Aphids infesting potato in Kenya. Author(s): Were, H. K. Olubayo, F. M. Kabira, J. Aura, J. Torrance, L.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 405) Maize-orange-fleshed sweetpotato intercropping: potential for use to enhance food security and scaling-up the nutrition effort in Malawi. Author(s): Abidin, P. E. Chipungu, F. Nyekanyeka, T. Chilanga, T. Mwenye, O. Kazembe, J. Botha, B. Carey, E. E.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 414) Effects of staking on flower induction, pollination and cross-compatibility among sweetpotato. Author(s): Afolabi, M. S. Akoroda, M. O.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 421) Sweetpotato and garden egg intercrop compatibility studies in Umudike, Nigeria. Author(s): Ebeniro, C. N. Udealor, A. Ano, A. O. Amadi, C. O.
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 426) Nutrient uptake and yield efficiency of exotic sweetpotato cultivars under an organic soil management system in Abeokuta, southwestern Nigeria. Author(s): Lawal, O. I. Atayese, M. O. Oyekanmi, A. A. Afuwape, S. O. Sakariyawo, O. S. Olaiya, A. O. Idowu, O. T. H. Aiyelaagbe, I. O. O.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 435) On the road to potato processing in African tropical highlands. Author(s): Haverkort, A. J. Woldegiorgis, G. Koesveld, M. J. van Ntizo, S. Wustman, R. Zhang, X.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 453) Unlocking the potential of the potato subsector in Kenya - a roadmap for revitalizing the subsector. Author(s): Lung'aho, C. Kipkoech, D. Ng'ang'a, N. Kaguongo, W. Nyongesa, M. Schulte-Geldermann, E.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 462) Potential of processing potato flakes from popular Kenyan potato varieties. Author(s): Abong', G. O. Kabira, J. Okoth, M. W. Ogolla, J. A. Ouma, J.
Chapter: 46 (Page no: 470) Assessing potato production efficiency through contract farming in Kenya: the case of Bomet and Molo farmers. Author(s): Kipkoech, D. Borus, D. Lemaga, B. Kering, J. Muriithi, G. Ng'ang'a, N. Kabira, J.
Chapter: 47 (Page no: 478) Improvement of processing technology research and utilization of sweetpotato and its derived foods in China and Rwanda. Author(s): Sindi, K. Xie, J. Xie, K. Zhu, Y.
Chapter: 48 (Page no: 491) Building a sustainable sweetpotato value chain: experience from the Rwanda sweetpotato super foods project. Author(s): Ndirigwe, J. Sindi, K. Low, J. Shumbusha, D. Shingiro, J. B. Nshimiyimana, J. C. Hakizimana, S. Angsten, A.
Chapter: 49 (Page no: 498) Sweetpotato value chain development in West Africa: matching products with farmer typology. Author(s): Peters, D.
Chapter: 50 (Page no: 508) Vacuum-frying processing technology improves quality attributes of fried sweetpotato chips. Author(s): Sobukola, O. P. Esan, T. A. Bakare, H. A. Sanni, L. O.
Chapter: 51 (Page no: 517) Price integration of sweetpotato marketing: implications for an efficient marketing system in Nigeria. Author(s): Anyaegbunam, H. N. Nwosu, A. C. Mbanasor, J. A.
Chapter: 52 (Page no: 524) Transaction costs and agricultural household supply: response of sweetpotato farmers in Kwara State of Nigeria. Author(s): Farayola, C. O. Nwachukwu, S. C. Alao, B. I.
Chapter: 53 (Page no: 533) Promotion of vitamin A-enriched sweetpotato for production by small-scale commercial farmers in South Africa. Author(s): Laurie, S. M. Mtileni, M. M. Mphela, W. M. Berg, A. A. van den Ramathavhana, T. Sediane, L. Maraganedzha, T. Plooy, C. P. du
Chapter: 54 (Page no: 541) Getting the equation right: engendering sweetpotato value chains in East Africa. Author(s): Mayanja, S. McEwan, M.
Chapter: 55 (Page no: 551) Assessing nutritional value and changing behaviours regarding orange-fleshed sweetpotato use in sub-Saharan Africa. Author(s): Low, J. Ball, A. Jaarsveld, P. J. van Namutebi, A. Faber, M. Grant, F. K.
Chapter: 56 (Page no: 580) Effect of sweetpotato meal and composite sweetpotato-meal-based diets on performance of weaner rabbits. Author(s): Ekwe, C. C. Obi, J. I. Ekwe, K. C.
Chapter: 57 (Page no: 586) Determining availability of nutrients in sweetpotato grown in the Kenyan highlands using in sacco degradability and in vitro digestability. Author(s): Kinyua, J. Musalia, L. Migwi, P. Gachurii, C. Lukuyu, B. Agili, S. Muriithi, G.
Chapter: 58 (Page no: 592) Sweetpotato-based formulation: an alternative food blend for complementary feeding. Author(s): Amagloh, F. K. Coad, J.
Chapter: 59 (Page no: 602) Evaluation of sensory quality characteristics of muffins developed from sweetpotato flours. Author(s): Williams, M. S. E. Sawi, M. K. Anthony, N. M. Sowe, S.