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CABI Book Chapter

Livestock handling and transport.

Book cover for Livestock handling and transport.

Description

This practical book integrates scientific research and industry literature on cattle, pigs, poultry, sheep, goats, deer, and horses, in both the developed and developing world, to provide a practical guide to humane handling and minimizing animal stress. Reviewing the latest research on transport systems, restraint methods and facilities for farms and slaughterhouses, this fully updated fourth edi...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 77)

Handling cattle raised in close association with people.

Cattle that are managed in close association with people are tame and may have no flight zone. They are either trained to lead with a lead rope or they are easily herded in small groups. These animals are accustomed to lots of human activity around them. Tame and intact bulls that have been kept tied up during rearing will fight vigorously when mixed in group feedlot pens. In Africa and other developing areas, small herds of cattle are kept for draught purposes and milk. There is a concern that the hardy indigenous breeds will be lost. There is also a need to improve handling practices, for instance many animals arrive at markets with injuries caused by handlers. Harness design for working oxen needs to be improved as well. Injuries to the nose can be prevented by using a halter (head collar) to tie cattle instead of a nose ring or nose cord. Draught animals would be more physically fit for work if they were exercised year round. Even though these animals are tame, there is a need for handling facilities, such as truck-loading ramps and a single stall with a head stanchion for veterinary work. The chapter also describes methods for restraining cattle with ropes, blindfolds or pressure applied to various parts of the body, and notes that stroking is most effective for calming cattle when it is done on the ventral region of the neck.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) A whole systems approach to assessing animal welfare during handling and restraint. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 14) General principles of stress and well-being. Author(s): Siegel, P. B. Honaker, C. F.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 23) Welfare of transported animals: factors influencing welfare and welfare assessment. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 39) Behavioural principles of handling cattle and other grazing animals under extensive conditions. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 65) Low-stress restraint, handling and sorting of cattle. Author(s): Stookey, J. M. Watts, J. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 94) Handling facilities and restraint of extensively raised range cattle. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 116) Dairy cattle behaviour, facilities, handling, transport, automation and well-being. Author(s): Fulwider, W. K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 143) Cattle transport by road. Author(s): Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 174) Handling and transport of cattle and pigs in South America. Author(s): Costa, M. J. R. P. da Huertas, S. M. Strappini, A. C. Gallo, C.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 193) Behavioural principles of sheep handling. Author(s): Hutson, G. D. Grandin, T.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 218) Design of sheep yards and shearing sheds. Author(s): Barber, A. Freeman, R. B.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 228) Sheep transport. Author(s): Cockram, M. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 245) Dogs for herding and guarding livestock. Author(s): Coppinger, L. Coppinger, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 261) Behavioural principles of pig handling. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 280) Transport of pigs. Author(s): Lambooij, E.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 298) Transport of market pigs: improvements in welfare and economics. Author(s): McGlone, J. J. Johnson, A. K. Sapkota, A. Kephart, R. K.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 315) Handling and transport of horses. Author(s): Houpt, K. A. Wickens, C. L.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 342) Deer handling and transport. Author(s): Goddard, P.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 378) Poultry handling and transport. Author(s): Weeks, C. A.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 399) Stress physiology of animals during transport. Author(s): Knowles, T. G. Warriss, P. D. Vogel, K.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 421) Improving welfare and reducing stress on animals at slaughter plants. Author(s): Grandin, T.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 451) Principles of biosecurity during transport, handling and slaughter of animals. Author(s): Belk, K. E. Grandin, T.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Universities Federation of Animal Welfare, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, AL4 8AN, UK.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2014
  • ISBN
  • 9781780643212
  • Record Number
  • 20143217257