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CABI Book Chapter

The human microbiota and microbiome.

Book cover for The human microbiota and microbiome.

Description

This book, inclusive of 11 chapters, discusses current knowledge on the human microbial flora and microbiome, with emphasis given to the human intestinal microbiota. Initial chapters are devoted to the discussion of the specific microbial flora of the digestive tract, lungs, urogenital tract and skin, both during healthy and diseased states. The latter chapters are devoted specifically to the huma...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 90)

Function of the human gut microbiota.

This chapter reviews the various functions of the human gut microbiata in relation to: (1) production and conversion of bioactive compounds; (2) regulation of the crypt-villus structure in the small intestine; (3) immune maturation; (4) prevention of pathogenic infections; (5) energy homeostasis, adiposity and obesity; and (6) host behaviour.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The stomach and small and large intestinal microbiomes. Author(s): Riedel, C. U. Schwiertz, A. Egert, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 20) The oral microbiome. Author(s): Zaura, E. Koopman, J. E. y Mostajo, M. F. Crielaard, W.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) The human urogenital microbiome. Author(s): Bengtson, E. Forney, L. J. Nelson, D. E.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) The lung microbiome. Author(s): Rogers, G. B. Carroll, M. P. Bruce, K. D.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 72) The human skin microbiome. Author(s): Tong, J. Li, H. Y.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 107) Models of the human microbiota and microbiome in vitro. Author(s): Marzorati, M. Abbeele, P. van den Grootaert, C. Weirdt, R. de Carcavilla, A. M. Vermeiren, J. Wiele, T. van de
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 124) In vivo and animal models of the human gut microbiome. Author(s): Goodman, A. L.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 136) The gut microbiota in health and disease. Author(s): Ventura, M. Turroni, F. Strati, F. Sinderen, D. van
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 147) Next-generation sequencing methods to investigate the human microbiome. Author(s): Xiao Liang Qin JunJie Shen DongQian Jiang ChenMing Chen WanTing Liu Chuan Wang Jun
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 171) Metabonomics for understanding gut microbiome and host metabolic interplay. Author(s): Li, J. V. Holmes, E.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2014
  • ISBN
  • 9781780640495
  • Record Number
  • 20143165360