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CABI Book Chapter

The economics of regulation in agriculture: compliance with public and private standards.

Book cover for The economics of regulation in agriculture: compliance with public and private standards.


This volume investigates the cost implications and competitiveness effects resulting from regulations and standards in the fields of environment, human health and animal welfare and production-linked rules of "good agricultural conditions" for a range of agricultural products in the EU, USA, Canada and New Zealand. Part I of the book (chapters 2-6) highlights changes taking place in developed coun...


Chapter 16 (Page no: 263)

Environmental compliance costs in developed country agricultures: implications for trade and competitiveness.

This chapter reflects on the costs of compliance with environmental regulations and standards in agriculture in developed countries, and its implications for trade and competitiveness. It highlights the importance of enforcement mechanisms and implementation, subjects which often have been undervalued in research on environmental policies. The authors highlight some of the achievements from this volume: (1) clarification of the relevant reference standards for environmental performance in agriculture; (2) documentation of the increasing importance of voluntary private standards; (3) explanation of the importance of functional equivalence in the comparative analysis of environmental regulation; and (4) examination of the relationship between historical trends in input intensity and demands for environmental regulatory response. This concluding chapter also compares market and non-market failures as contributing causes of environmental degradation. It is argued that important legal and institutional dimensions often are overlooked, when examining externalities. Attention is drawn to Coase's concept of legalized nuisance and its connection to "right to farm" policies.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Brouwer, F. Fox, G. Jongeneel, R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) The role of cross compliance in greening EU agricultural policy. Author(s): Hart, K. Farmer, M. Baldock, D.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) State and federal responses to increasing input intensity in the US. Author(s): Winsten, J. Knight, L. G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 55) Canadian agricultural environmental policy: from the right to farm to farming right. Author(s): Rajsic, P. Ramlal, E. Fox, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Decentralized, outcome oriented management of agricultural environmental issues in New Zealand. Author(s): Meister, A. Beechey, N.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 97) Voluntary certification schemes and legal standards in the EU. Author(s): Jongeneel, R. Herzfeld, T.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 117) Environmental and health standards in the dairy sectors of the EU, the US and New Zealand. Author(s): Bezlepkina, I. Jongeneel, R. Brouwer, F. Dillen, K. Meister, A. Roest, K. de Demont, M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 131) An EU/US perspective on nutrient management policies and growth hormone bans in the beef sector. Author(s): Roest, K. de Winsten, J. Dillen, K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 147) Good agricultural and environmental conditions in the EU and their implications for international trade in cereals. Author(s): Jongeneel, R. Poux, X. Fox, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 165) Trade effects of environmental and animal welfare standards in the hog sectors of the EU, US and Canada. Author(s): Roest, K. de Winsten, J. Rajsic, P. Dillen, K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 181) Environmental standards in the fruits and vegetables sector of Spain. Author(s): Varela-Ortega, C. Esteve, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 197) Evaluating WTO institutions for resolving trade disputes involving non-tariff measures: four cases involving Brazil. Author(s): Miranda, S. H. G. de
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 215) Meeting standards in EU agriculture: the changing policy context. Author(s): Swales, V.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 233) The pollution haven hypothesis and the location of livestock production: two North American case studies. Author(s): Weersink, A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 247) Cost effectiveness of sediment abatement policies in potato production: assessing policies in Canada, the Netherlands and the US. Author(s): Jatoe, J. B. D. Weersink, A. Deaton, B. J. Yiridoe, E. K.