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CABI Book Chapter

The economics of regulation in agriculture: compliance with public and private standards.

Book cover for The economics of regulation in agriculture: compliance with public and private standards.

Description

This volume investigates the cost implications and competitiveness effects resulting from regulations and standards in the fields of environment, human health and animal welfare and production-linked rules of "good agricultural conditions" for a range of agricultural products in the EU, USA, Canada and New Zealand. Part I of the book (chapters 2-6) highlights changes taking place in developed coun...

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Chapter 12 (Page no: 197)

Evaluating WTO institutions for resolving trade disputes involving non-tariff measures: four cases involving Brazil.

This chapter provides a perspective of developing countries on the role of the World Trade Organization in solving Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) agreement and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) agreement trade conflicts caused by government regulations. The role of private standards impacting trade patterns is also highlighted. Four Brazilian international disputes related to sanitary and technical issues illustrate the complexity of challenges: the risk analysis requirements to import wheat from the USA; the Japanese phytosanitary requirements to control fruit-fly in imported mangoes; the European aflatoxins regulation on Brazil nuts; and the regionalization principle in foot and mouth disease (FMD). The ability of developing countries to comply with technical requirements is particularly influenced by investments on technological infrastructure and human capital.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Brouwer, F. Fox, G. Jongeneel, R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) The role of cross compliance in greening EU agricultural policy. Author(s): Hart, K. Farmer, M. Baldock, D.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 29) State and federal responses to increasing input intensity in the US. Author(s): Winsten, J. Knight, L. G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 55) Canadian agricultural environmental policy: from the right to farm to farming right. Author(s): Rajsic, P. Ramlal, E. Fox, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Decentralized, outcome oriented management of agricultural environmental issues in New Zealand. Author(s): Meister, A. Beechey, N.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 97) Voluntary certification schemes and legal standards in the EU. Author(s): Jongeneel, R. Herzfeld, T.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 117) Environmental and health standards in the dairy sectors of the EU, the US and New Zealand. Author(s): Bezlepkina, I. Jongeneel, R. Brouwer, F. Dillen, K. Meister, A. Roest, K. de Demont, M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 131) An EU/US perspective on nutrient management policies and growth hormone bans in the beef sector. Author(s): Roest, K. de Winsten, J. Dillen, K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 147) Good agricultural and environmental conditions in the EU and their implications for international trade in cereals. Author(s): Jongeneel, R. Poux, X. Fox, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 165) Trade effects of environmental and animal welfare standards in the hog sectors of the EU, US and Canada. Author(s): Roest, K. de Winsten, J. Rajsic, P. Dillen, K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 181) Environmental standards in the fruits and vegetables sector of Spain. Author(s): Varela-Ortega, C. Esteve, P.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 215) Meeting standards in EU agriculture: the changing policy context. Author(s): Swales, V.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 233) The pollution haven hypothesis and the location of livestock production: two North American case studies. Author(s): Weersink, A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 247) Cost effectiveness of sediment abatement policies in potato production: assessing policies in Canada, the Netherlands and the US. Author(s): Jatoe, J. B. D. Weersink, A. Deaton, B. J. Yiridoe, E. K.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 263) Environmental compliance costs in developed country agricultures: implications for trade and competitiveness. Author(s): Fox, G. Brouwer, F.