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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Alternative systems for poultry: health, welfare and productivity.

Book cover for Alternative systems for poultry: health, welfare and productivity.


The proceedings is divided into seven parts with seventeen chapters. Part 1 discusses the alternative systems for poultry, impact of legislation and assurance schemes on alternative systems for poultry welfare and the politics and economics; while Part 2 deals with the effects of alternative systems on disease and health of poultry, production systems for laying hens and broilers and risk of human...


Chapter 1 (Page no: 1)

What are alternative systems for poultry?

By the late 1960s, poultry production had developed from a small-scale rural enterprise to an economically important branch of agriculture. Flock sizes increased and production systems, for hygienic and economic reasons, became more intensive. Rearing and housing of laying hens took place in conventional cages. At the same time, public concern for intensively housed birds began to increase, particularly following publications such as Animal Machines written by Ruth Harrison in 1964. New animal protection laws came into force and agriculture was forced to adapt to the welfare concerns of consumers. Alternative systems for housing laying hens that provided greater freedom of movement and facilities for natural behaviour including the use of the third dimension (perching, nesting) were developed. Production systems for meat birds were introduced that, in addition to higher space allowances, specified maximum rates of growth and feed ingredients. Time alone will show which type of system for poultry egg or meat production will survive the evolving social and economic pressures on producers and consumers.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 23) The impact of legislation and assurance schemes on alternative systems for poultry welfare. Author(s): Pritchard, D. G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 53) Politics and economics. Author(s): Appleby, M. C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 62) The effects of alternative systems on disease and health of poultry. Author(s): Lister, S. Nijhuis, B. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 77) Production systems for laying hens and broilers and risk of human pathogens. Author(s): Hoorebeke, S. van Dewulf, J. Immerseel, F. van Jorgensen, F.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 97) Introduction to village and backyard poultry production. Author(s): Pym, R. A. E. Alders, R. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 110) Technology and programmes for sustainable improvement of village poultry production. Author(s): Besbes, B. Thieme, O. Rota, A. Guèye, E. F. Alders, R. G.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 128) Production systems for waterfowl. Author(s): Guémené, D. Shi, Z. D. Guy, G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 155) Game bird breeding, brooding and rearing - health and welfare. Author(s): Pennycott, T. Deeming, C. McMillan, M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 169) Housing and management of layer breeders in rearing and production. Author(s): Thiele, H. H.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 190) Furnished cages for laying hens. Author(s): Elson, H. A. Tauson, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 210) Performance, welfare, health and hygiene of laying hens in non-cage systems in comparison with cage systems. Author(s): Rodenburg, T. B. Reu, K. de Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 225) Housing and management of broiler breeders and turkey breeders. Author(s): Jong, I. C. de Swalander, M.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 250) Alternative systems for meat chickens and turkeys: production, health and welfare. Author(s): Jones, T. A. Berk, J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 297) Nutritional challenges of alternative production systems. Author(s): MacLeod, M. G. Bentley, J. S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 316) Genotype-environment interaction: breeding layers with different requirements for varying housing systems. Author(s): Icken, W. Schmutz, M. Preisinger, R.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 340) Is there a future for alternative production systems? Author(s): Sandilands, V. Hocking, P. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Centre for Proper Housing: Poultry and Rabbits (Zentrum für tiergerechte Haltung, Geflügel und Kaninchen, ZTHZ), Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Burgerweg 22, CH-3052 Zollikofen, Switzerland.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2012
  • ISBN
  • 9781845938246
  • Record Number
  • 20123105854