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CABI Book Chapter

Aquaculture and fisheries biotechnology: genetic approaches.

Book cover for Aquaculture and fisheries biotechnology: genetic approaches.

Description

This book covers topics essential to the study of fish genetics, including qualitative and quantitative traits, crossbreeding, inbreeding, genetic drift, hybridization, selection programs, polyploidy, genomics and cloning. This fully updated second edition also addresses environmental risk, food safety and government regulation of transgenic aquatic organisms, commercial applications of fish biote...

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Chapter 1 (Page no: 1)

History of biotechnology, genetics and selective breeding in aquaculture and fisheries.

This chapter discusses the history of biotechnology, genetics and selective breeding in aquaculture and fisheries dating back from 2000 years or more in China where mutations and phenotypic variantions in carp was already noticed by fish farmers and to the Roman Empire. The chronological improvements in fish genetics after fish farming in China were highlighted from the year 1665 when cells was discovered by Robert Hooke and in 1667 when Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovered that the spermatzoa in semen can fertilized fish eggs. A series of discoveries during the 338 years that followed which have led to the current state of biotechnology, molecular genetics and selective breeding was also highlighted up to the development and utilization of genetically improved fish across the world in the 21st century.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 8) Phenotypic variation and environmental effects. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 23) Basic genetics, qualitative traits and selection for qualitative traits. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 33) Strain evaluation, domestication and strain selection. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 37) Population size, inbreeding, random genetic drift and maintenance of genetic quality. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 47) Gynogenesis, androgenesis, cloned populations and nuclear transplantation. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 58) Intraspecific crossbreeding. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 65) Interspecific hybridization. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 73) Selection and correlated responses to selection. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 93) Polyploidy and xenogenesis. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 128) Sex reversal and breeding. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 150) Biochemical and molecular markers. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 170) Population genetics and interactions of hatchery and wild fish. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 190) Genomics, gene mapping, quantitative trait locus mapping and marker-assisted selection. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 215) Gene expression. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 240) Gene-transfer technology. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 278) Combining genetic enhancement programmes. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 283) Genotype-environment interactions. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 288) Commercial application of fish biotechnology. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 293) Environmental risk of aquatic organisms from genetic biotechnology. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 311) Food safety of transgenic aquatic organisms. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 315) A case example: safety of consumption of transgenic salmon potentially containing elevated levels of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 329) Government regulation of transgenic fish and biotechnology products. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 339) Strategies for genetic conservation, gene banking and maintaining genetic quality. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 341) Ethics. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 344) Constraints and limitations of genetic biotechnology. Author(s): Dunham, R. A.